Romances negros 2018

Porém, diferente da primeira versão, em que a noiva e sua família são personagens brancos e o namorado negro, a trama atual traz a noiva e sua família de protagonistas negros e o namorado da filha branco. Prepare-se para rir do início ao fim, o filme é hilário! 10. Jogada certa (2010) Sinopse · Updated on 22 de septiembre de 2018. Posted on 23 de junio de 2017. 18 Películas y series LGBT en Netflix que vas a querer ver con Orgullo. También puedes celebrar desde la comodidad de tu ... Tocado pelo gênio da linguagem, romancista e intelectual negro americano passou a vida em lutas, internas e externas, contra o racismo e a homofobia; o discurso, atingindo a essência do problema, foi seu grande legado Por Gilberto G. Pereira no Jornal Opção James Baldwin (1924-1987), junto aos monumentos de Shakespeare e John Milton, no Albert Memorial, Kensington Gardens, em Londres ... Romances negros ilustrados es una colección de novelas gráficas de temática oscura y tenebrosa en las que se rescata el género del romancero en cuanto a la narración. En este primer volumen, Salvador García Lax, tras un largo y profundo estudio etnográfico, ha seleccionado y adaptado de entre cientos de versiones algunas de las ... Estes são os melhores filmes com protagonistas negros lançados na década de 2010. ... bebedeiras, brigas e romances o bastante para botar 'Acerto de Contas' no chinelo.' ... (2018) Fox 2000 ... FLIP 2018 Os negros como protagonistas na literatura num país de maioria negra ... No mesmo recorte temporal, só 6,9% dos personagens retratados nos romances eram negros, sendo que só 4,5% eram ... Os primeiros britânicos negros Existem evidências de. ... Roberta Ouriques, paranaense, advogada e apaixonada pelo universo dos livros clássicos, dos romances históricos e dos romances de época. Aqui eu pretendo compartilhar um pouco do que eu já li, já vi e pesquisei e espero que todos encontrem nesse meu pedacinho da internet um lugar ... 12 películas de temática gay que no te puedes perder en 2018 Hacemos un repaso cinematográfico en el mes del Orgullo Gay por Marco Salazar 05 jun, 2018 7:39 PM Tags O 1° indicado é um dos meus livros favoritos, uma obra que acho que todo mundo deveria ler: “O livro dos negros”, escrito pelo canadense Lawrence Hill e publicado no Brasil em 2015 pela Primavera Editorial.A narradora é Aminata Diallo, que foi arrancada da aldeia africana em que vivia com a família, colocada num navio com outros negros para ser escravizada na América. Romances, compromisos y bodas de personas famosas en 2019 ... Chance le propuso matrimonio a Corley el 4 de julio de 2018 en una parrillada celebrada el Día de la Independencia, donde asistió la ...

Full Turner Classic Movies (U.S.) schedule for the month of November, 2019.

2019.10.22 12:17 tombstoneshadows28 Full Turner Classic Movies (U.S.) schedule for the month of November, 2019.

(All times E.S.T.)
(P) = Premiere
Friday, November 1, 2019
(12:30AM) The Pit and the Pendulum (1961/80m/Roger Corman)
(2:00AM) The Haunted Palace (1963/87m/Roger Corman)
(3:45AM) Die, Monster, Die! (1965/79m/Daniel Haller)
(5:15AM) The Curse Of Frankenstein (1957/83m/Terence Fisher)
(6:45AM) Dracula, Prince of Darkness (1965/90m/Terence Fisher)
(8:30AM) Thrill Hunter (1933/61m/George B. Seitz)
(9:45AM) Crashing The Movies (1948/8m/?)
(10:00AM) Having A Wild Weekend (1965/91m/John Boorman)
(11:45AM) The Fall Guy (1955/9m/Dave O’Brien)
(12:00PM) Lucky Devils (1933/64m/Ralph Ince)
(1:15PM) I’m Still Alive (1940/72m/Irving Reis)
(2:30PM) Hooper (1978/99m/Hal Needham)
(4:15PM) Viva Knievel! (1977/104m/Gordon Douglas) (P)
(6:15 PM) Stunts (1977/89m/?)
(8:00PM) Duck Soup (1933/69m/Leo McCarey)
(9:30PM) Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love The Bomb (1964/95m/Stanley Kubrick)
(11:15PM) Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948/83m/Charles T. Barton)
Saturday November 2, 2019
(1:00AM) Best Of Private Screenings (2019/59m/?) (P)
(2:15AM) Caged Heat (1974/80m/Jonathan Demme) (P)
(3:45AM) Women’s Prison (1955/80m/Lewis Seiler)
(5:15AM) Booked For Safekeeping (1960/32m/George C. Stoney)
(5:15AM) Living Stereo (1958/8m/?)
(6:00AM) Between Two Worlds (1944/112m/Edward A. Blatt)
(8:00AM) MGM CARTOONS: Happy-Go-Nutty (1944/7m/?) (P)
(8:09AM) Goofy Movies Number Six (1934/8m/?)
(8:18AM) Rural Hungary (1939/9m/James A. FitzPatrick)
(8:28AM) Find The Blackmailer (1943/56m/D. Ross Lederman)
(9:30AM) JUNGLE QUEEN: Trip Wire Murder (SERIAL) (1945/19m/?) (P)
(10:00AM) POPEYE: Ghosk Is The Bunk (1933/7m/Dave Fleischer) (P)
(10:08AM) High Society (1955/61m/William Beaudine)
(11:30AM) Phantoms, Inc. (1945/17m/Harold Young)
(12:00PM) A Night At The Opera (1935/91m/Sam Wood)
(1:45PM) The Uninvited (1944/99m/Lewis Allen)
(3:30PM) The Quiet Man (1952/129m/John Ford)
(5:45PM) Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964/123m/Gordon Douglas)
(8:00PM) Harlan County, U.S.A. (1976/105m/?)
(10:00PM) Roseanna McCoy (1949/90m/Irving Reis)
Sunday November 3, 2019
(12:00AM) Sweet Smell of Success (1957/97m/Alexander Mackendrick)
(2:00AM) Arsenic and Old Lace (1944/118m/Frank Capra)
(3:59AM) The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Story (1950/57m/Herman Hoffman)
(4:15AM) His Girl Friday (1940/92m/Howard Hawks)
(6:00AM) Lady Be Good (1941/112m/Norman Z. McLeod)
(8:00AM) The Corn Is Green (1945/114m/Irving Rapper)
(10:00AM) Sweet Smell Of Success (1957/97m/Alexander Mackendrick)
(12:00PM) Sylvia Scarlett (1935/95m/George Cukor)
(1:45PM) The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954/116m/Richard Brooks)
(4:00PM) Period Of Adjustment (1962/111m/George Roy Hill)
(6:00PM) The Candidate (1972/110m/Michael Ritchie)
(8:00PM) The Big Sleep (1946/114m/Howard Hawks)
(10:00PM) Chinatown (1974/130m/Roman Polanski)
Monday November 4, 2019
(12:30AM) Master of the House (1925/107m/Carl Th. Dreyer)
(2:30AM) Capricious Summer (1968/77m/Jirí Menzel) (P)
(4:00AM) Closely Watched Trains (1967/93m/Jirí Menzel)
(6:00AM) Arena (1953/71m/Richard Fleischer)
(7:45AM) Hunt The Man Down (1950/68m/George Archinbaud)
(9:00AM) A Ticklish Affair (1963/88m/George Sidney)
(10:45AM) Torch Song (1953/90m/Charles Walters)
(12:30AM) Too Young To Kiss (1951/89m/Robert Z. Leonard)
(2:15PM) The Woman In White (1948/109m/Peter Godfrey)
(4:15PM) Holiday For Sinners (1952/72m/Gerald Mayer)
(5:45PM) The Three Musketeers (1948/126m/George Sidney)
(8:00PM) The Great Gildersleeve (1942/62m/Gordon Douglas)
(9:15PM) Gildersleeve’s Bad Day (1943/63m/Gordon Douglas)
(10:30PM) The Master Race (1944/97m/Herbert J. Biberman)
Tuesday November 5, 2019
(12:30AM) Masterson of Kansas (1954/72m/William Castle)
(2:00AM) Suddenly (1954/77m/Lewis Allen)
(3:30AM) Some Came Running (1958/136m/Vincente Minnelli)
(6:00AM) Waterloo Bridge (1931/81m/James Whale)
(7:45AM) 20,000 Years In Sing Sing (1932/78m/Michael Curtiz)
(9:30AM) The Rich Are Always With Us (1932/71m/Alfred Green)
(11:00AM) So Big (1932/81m/William A. Wellman)
(12:45PM) Three On A Match (1932/63m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(2:00PM) Bureau Of Missing Persons (1933/73m/Roy Del Ruth)
(3:15PM) Ex-Lady (1933/67m/Robert Florey)
(4:30PM) The Working Man (1933/77m/John G. Adolfi)
(6:00PM) Parachute Jumper (1933/72m/Alfred E. Green)
(7:30PM) CARSON ON TCM: Bette Davis (2/9/83) (2013/9m/?)
(8:00PM) Of Human Bondage (1934/83m/John Cromwell)
(9:30PM) Fog Over Frisco (1934/68m/William Dieterle)
(11:00PM) The Big Shakedown (1934/61m/John Francis Dillon)
Wednesday November 6, 2019
(12:30AM) Fashions of 1934 (1934/78m/William Dieterle)
(2:15AM) Jimmy The Gent (1934/68m/Michael Curtiz)
(3:30AM) Special Agent (1935/76m/William Keighley)
(5:00AM) Hollywood: The Dream Factory (1972/51m/Mark Woods)
(6:00AM) The Magnificent Ambersons (1942/88m/Orson Welles)
(8:00AM) Casablanca (1942/103m/Michael Curtiz)
(10:00AM) On The Waterfront (1954/108m/Elia Kazan)
(12:00PM) North By Northwest (1959/136m/Alfred Hitchcock)
(2:30PM) The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957/162m/David Lean)
(5:30PM) The Searchers (1956/119m/John Ford)
(8:00PM) Image Makers: The Adventures of America’s Pioneer Cinematographers (2019/92m/?) (P)
(9:45PM) The Grapes Of Wrath (1940/129m/John Ford)
Thursday November 7, 2019
(12:00AM) Image Makers: The Adventures of America’s Pioneer Cinematographers (2019/2019/92m/?)
(1:45AM) Sunrise (1927/94m/F.W. Murnau)
(3:30AM) Metropolis (1926/148m/Fritz Lang)
(6:00AM) Doorway To Hell (1930/78m/Archie Mayo)
(7:30AM) The Millionaire (1931/80m/John G. Adolfi)
(9:00AM) Other Men’s Women (1931/70m/William A. Wellman)
(10:15AM) Smart Money (1931/81m/Alfred E. Green)
(11:45AM) The Crowd Roars (1932/70m/Howard Hawks)
(1:15PM) Winner Take All (1932/66m/Roy Del Ruth)
(2:30PM) Hard To Handle (1933/78m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(4:00PM) Picture Snatcher (1933/77m/Lloyd Bacon)
(5:30PM) The Mayor of Hell (1933/90m/Archie Mayo)
(7:00PM) Hollywood My Hometown (1965/53m/?)
(8:00PM) On The Town (1949/98m/Gene Kelly
(10:00PM) Sleepless In Seattle (1993/105m/Nora Ephron)
Friday November 8, 2019
(12:00AM) Radio Days (1987/88m/Woody Allen)
(1:45AM) North By Northwest (1959/136m/Alfred Hitchcock)
(4:15AM) The Clock (1945/90m/Vincente Minnelli)
(6:00AM) They Died With Their Boots On (1941/140m/Raoul Walsh)
(8:30AM) Four’s A Crowd (1938/92m/Michael Curtiz)
(10:15AM) Dodge City (1939/104m/Michael Curtiz)
(12:00PM) Santa Fe Trail (1940/110m/Michael Curtiz)
(2:00PM) The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936/115m/Michael Curtiz)
(4:00PM) Captain Blood (1935/119m/Michael Curtiz)
(6:15PM) The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938/102m/Michael Curtiz)
(8:00PM) The Big Picture (1989/101m/Michael C. Varhol) (P)
(10:00PM) Tootsie (1982/116m/Sydney Pollack)
Saturday November 9, 2019
(12:15AM) Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948/94m/H.C. Potter)
(2:00AM) Black Gunn (1972/97m/Robert Hartford-Davis) (P)
(3:45AM) The Take (1974/92m/Robert Hartford-Davis) (P)
(5:30AM) When You Grow Up (1973/11m/Jerry Kurtz)
(5:45AM) A Day In The Death Of Donny B. (1969/14m/Carl Fick)
(6:00AM) Made In Paris (1966/103m/Boris Sagal)
(8:00AM) MGM CARTOONS: Honeyland (1935/10m/Rudolf Ising) (P)
(8:11AM) Goofy Movies Number Seven (1934/10m/?)
(8:22AM) Rural Mexico (1935/8m/Lewis Lewyn)
(8:31AM) A Fugitive From Justice (1940/53m/Terry Morse)
(9:30AM) JUNGLE QUEEN: The Mortar Bomb (SERIAL) (1945/15m/?) (P)
(10:00AM) POPEYE: Hello, How Am I? (1939/6m/Dave Fleischer) (P)
(10:07AM) Jail Busters (1955/61m/William Beaudine)
(11:30AM) The Perfect Tribute (1935/19m/Edward Sloman)
(12:00PM) The Life of Emile Zola (1937/116m/William Dieterle)
(2:15PM) The Big Sleep (1946/114m/Howard Hawks)
(4:15PM) Shane (1953/118m/George Stevens)
(6:30PM) Image Makers: The Adventures of America’s Pioneer Cinematographers (2019/92m/?)
(8:00PM) La Pointe Courte (1954/80m/Agnes Varda)
(9:45PM) Journey To Italy (1954/86m/Roberto Rossellini)
(11:30pm) Amalfi Way (1955/10m/Richard Wright)
(11:30PM) Visiting Italy (1951/7m/?)
Sunday November 10, 2019
(12:00AM) Johnny Eager (1942/107m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(2:00AM) Bye Bye Birdie (1963/112m/George Sidney)
(4:00AM) Angels In The Outfield (1951/99m/Clarence Brown)
(6:00AM) Mary of Scotland (1936/123m/John Ford)
(8:15AM) Merrily We Live (1938/95m/?)
(10:00AM) Johnny Eager (1942/107m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(12:00PM) Journey For Margaret (1942/81m/Major W.S. Van Dyke II)
(1:30PM) A Summer Place (1959/130m/Delmer Daves)
(4:00PM) The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964/129m/Charles Walters)
(6:15PM) My Favorite Year (1982/92m/Richard Benjamin)
(8:00PM) Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore (1974/112m/Martin Scorsese)
(10:00PM) Mean Streets (1973/112m/Martin Scorsese)
Monday November 11, 2019
(12:00AM) The Pagan (1929/78m/W.S. Van Dyke)
(2:00AM) Teorema (1968/96m/Pier Paolo Pasolini)
(3:45AM) Mamma Roma (1962/107m/Pier Paolo Pasolini)
(6:00AM) The Big Parade (1925/151m/King Vidor)
(9:00AM) The Best Years of Our Lives (1946/170m/William Wyler)
(12:00PM) The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (1944/40m/Lt. Col. William Wyler) (P)
(12:45PM) Dive Bomber (1941/133m/Michael Curtiz)
(3:15PM) God Is My Co-Pilot (1945/88m/Robert Florey)
(4:45PM) The Negro Soldier (1944/41m/Capt. Stuart Heisler)
(5:27PM) Story Of A Dog (1945/10m/?)
(5:45PM) Glory (1989/122m/Edward Zwick)
(8:00PM) The Dirty Dozen (1967/150m/Robert Aldrich)
(10:45PM) Kelly’s Heroes (1970/143m/Brian G. Hutton)
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
(1:15AM) Where Eagles Dare (1968/155m/Brian G. Hutton)
(4:00AM) Mister Roberts (1955/121m/John Ford)
(6:00AM) Front Page Woman (1935/82m/Michael Curtiz)
(7:30AM) Bordertown (1935/90m/Archie Mayo)
(9:15AM) Dangerous (1935/78m/Alfred E. Green)
(11:00AM) The Girl From 10th Avenue (1935/69m/Alfred E. Green)
(12:30PM) The Golden Arrow (1936/69m/Alfred E. Green)
(2:00PM) The Petrified Forest (1936/82m/Archie L. Mayo)
(3:30PM) Satan Met A Lady (1936/74m/William Dieterle)
(5:00PM) It’s Love I’m After (1937/90m/Archie L. Mayo)
(6:45PM) TBD
(8:00PM) Jezebel (1938/104m/William Wyler)
(10:00PM) Dark Victory (1939/104m/Edmund Goulding)
Wednesday November 13, 2019
(12:00AM) The Old Maid (1939/95m/Edmund Goulding)
(1:45AM) The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939/106m/Michael Curtiz)
(3:45AM) All This, and Heaven Too (1940/143m/Anatole Litvak)
(6:15AM) Bicycle Thieves (1948/89m/Vittorio De Sica)
(7:45AM) (1963/139m/Federico Fellini)
(10:15AM) I Am Cuba (1964/141m/Mikhail Kalatozov)
(12:45PM) The Battle Of Algiers (1966/122m/Gillo Pontecorvo)
(3:00PM) Breathless (1960/90m/Jean-Luc Godard)
(4:30PM) Image Makers: The Adventures of America’s Pioneer Cinematographers (2019/92m/?)
(6:15PM) Black Narcissus (1947/101m/Michael Powell)
(8:00PM) The Red Shoes (1948/134m/Michael Powell)
(10:30PM) Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964/95m/Stanley Kubrick)
Thursday November 14, 2019
(12:30AM) Seven Samurai (1956/207m/Akira Kurosawa)
(4:15AM) Rashomon (1950/89m/Akira Kurosawa)
(6:00AM) Broadway Gondolier (1935/99m/Lloyd Bacon)
(7:45AM) College Coach (1933/William A. Wellman)
(9:15AM) Dames (1934/91m/Ray Enright)
(11:00AM) A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1935/143m/Max Reinhardt)
(1:30PM) The Tall Target (1951/78m/Anthony Mann)
(3:00PM) Station West (1948/80m/Sidney Lanfield)
(4:30PM) Cornered (1946/103m/Edward Dmytryk)
(6:15PM) Murder, My Sweet (1944/95m/Edward Dmytryk)
(8:00PM) To Kill A Mockingbird (1962/129m/Robert Mulligan)
(10:30PM) Who’s Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? (1966/131m/Mike Nichols)
Friday November 15, 2019
(1:00AM) Cool Hand Luke (1967/127m/Stuart Rosenberg)
(3:15AM) The Pink Panther (1964/115m/Blake Edwards)
(5:15AM) Irene (1940/101m/Herbert Wilcox)
(7:00AM) That Hamilton Woman (1941/126ym/Alexander Korda)
(9:15AM) Anna Karenina (1935/93m/Clarence Brown)
(11:00AM) Love Affair (1939/88m/Leo McCarey)
(12:45PM) Brief Encounter (1945/87m/David Lean)
(2:30PM) One Way Passage (1932/68m/Tay Garnett)
(3:45PM) Random Harvest (1942/126m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(6:00PM) Waterloo Bridge (1940/109m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(8:00 PM) Being There (1979/130m/Hal Ashby)
(10:30PM) The Lady Eve (1941/94m/Preston Sturges)
Saturday November 16, 2019
(12:15AM) Now, Voyager (1942/117m/Irving Rapper)
(2:30AM) Smithereens (1982/93m/Susan Seidelman)
(6:00AM) Hot Millions (1968/107m/Eric Till)
(8:00AM) MGM CARTOONS: Jitterbug Follies (1939/9m/Milton Gross) (P)
(8:10AM) Goofy Movies Number Eight (1934/9m/?)
(8:20AM) Rural Sweden (1938/8m/?)
(8:29AM) Tear Gas Squad (1940/55m/Terry Morse)
(9:30AM) JUNGLE QUEEN: Death Watch (SERIAL) (1945/19m/?) (P)
(10:00AM) POPEYE: It’s The Natural Thing To Do (1939/7m/Dave Fleischer) (P)
(10:07AM) Hot Shots (1956/62m/Jean Yarbrough)
(11:30AM) Sucker List (1941/19m/Roy Rowland)
(12:00PM) Bride Of Frankenstein (1935/75m/James Whale)
(1:30PM) Something Of Value (1957/113m/Richard Brooks)
(3:30PM) Major Dundee (1965/136m/Sam Peckinpah)
(6:00PM) The Terminal Man (1974/104m/Mike Hodges)
(8:00PM) Dog Day Afternoon (1975/125m/Sidney Lumet)
(10:15PM) The Anderson Tapes (1971/99m/Sidney Lumet)
Sunday November 17, 2019
(12:00AM) The Hitch-Hiker (1953/71m/Ida Lupino)
(1:45AM) Drums Along The Mohawk (1939/104m/John Ford)
(3:45AM) The Pathfinder (1952/78m/Sidney Salkow) (P)
(5:15AM) MGM Parade Show #27 (1955/29m/?)
(6:00AM) Idiot’s Delight (1939/110m/Clarence Brown)
(8:00AM) Du Barry Was A Lady (1943/101m/Roy Del Ruth)
(10:00AM) The Hitch-Hiker (1953/71m/Ida Lupino)
(11:30AM) State of the Union (1948/123m/Frank Capra)
(1:45PM) The Story of Three Loves (1953/122m/Gottfried Reinhardt)
(4:00PM) Boys’ Night Out (1962/113m/Michael Gordon)
(6:00PM) A Little Romance (1979/110m/George Roy Hill)
(8:00PM) Shane (1953/118m/George Stevens)
(10:15PM) This Gun For Hire (1942/81m/Frank Tuttle)
Monday November 18, 2019
(12:00AM) Tokyo Chorus (1931/91m/Yasujiro Ozu)
(2:00AM) A Girls Own Story (1984/27m/Jane Campion)
(2:00AM) An Exercise In Discipline: Peel (1982/9m/Jane Campion)
(2:00AM) Passionless Moments (1983/12m/Jane Campion)
(3:00AM) Sweetie (1989/100m/Jane Campion)
(4:45AM) Hollywood Without Make-Up (1966/50m/?)
(6:00AM) The King and the Chorus Girl (1937/94m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(7:45AM) Big City Blues (1932/62m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(9:00AM) Having Wonderful Time (1938/70m/Alfred Santell)
(10:15AM) The Wheeler Dealers (1963/106m/Arthur Hiller)
(12:15PM) On The Town (1949/98m/Gene Kelly)
(2:00PM) No Leave, No Love (1946/119m/Charles Martin)
(4:15PM) East Side, West Side (1949/108m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(6:15PM) The Stork Club (1945/98m/Hal Walker)
(8:00PM) Scaramouche (1952/115m/George Sidney)
(10:15PM) Adventures of Don Juan (1948/111m/Vincent Sherman)
Tuesday November 19, 2019
(12:15AM) The Three Musketeers (1973/107m/Richard Lester)
(4:15AM) Sword Of Sherwood Forest (1960/80m/Terence Fisher)
(6:00AM) The Letter (1940/95m/William Wyler)
(7:45AM) The Great Lie (1941/108m/Edmund Goulding)
(10:00AM) The Little Foxes (1941/116m/William Wyler)
(12:00PM) The Man Who Came To Dinner (1942/113m/William Keighley)
(2:00PM) Now, Voyager (1942/117m/Irving Rapper)
(4:00PM) Old Acquaintance (1943/110m/Vincent Sherman)
(6:00PM) Watch On The Rhine (1943/112m/Herman Shumlin)
(8:00PM) The Corn Is Green (1945/114m/Irving Rapper)
(10:00PM) Mr. Skeffington (1945/146m/Vincent Sherman)
Wednesday November 20, 2019
(12:30AM) Deception (1946/112m/Irving Rapper)
(2:30AM) A Stolen Life (1946/107m/Curtis Bernhardt)
(4:30AM) June Bride (1948/97m/Bretaigne Windust)
(6:15AM) Doctor Zhivago (1965/200m/David Lean)
(9:45AM) Fanny and Alexander (1982/189m/Ingmar Bergman)
(1:00PM) Who’s Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? (1966/131m/Mike Nichols)
(3:15PM) Cabaret (1972/123m/Bob Fosse)
(5:30PM) Cool Hand Luke (1967/127m/Stuart Rosenberg)
(8:00PM) McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971/121m/Robert Altman)
(10:15PM) Klute (1971/114m/Alan J. Pakula)
Thursday November 21, 2019
(12:30AM) The Last Picture Show (1971/126m/Peter Bogdanovich)
(3:00AM) The Wild Bunch (1969/145m/Sam Peckinpah)
(6:00AM) The Thief of Bagdad (1940/107m/Ludwig Berger)
(8:00AM) More Than A Miracle (1967/103m/Francesco Rosi)
(9:45AM) The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm (1962/136m/Henry Levin)
(12:15PM) The Glass Slipper (1955/94m/Charles Walters)
(2:00PM) The Red Shoes (1948/134m/Michael Powell)
(4:30PM) Beauty and the Beast (1946/94m/Jean Cocteau)
(6:15PM) Bluebeard’s Ten Honeymoons (1960/93m/W. Lee Wilder)
(8:00PM) The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962/123m/John Ford)
(10:15PM) The Searchers (1956/119m/John Ford)
Friday November 22, 2019
(12:45AM) The Battle of Midway (1942/18m/John Ford)
(1:15AM) John Ford, The Man Who Invented America (2018/52m/Jean-Christophe Klotz) (P)
(2:15AM) The Grapes Of Wrath (1940/129m/John Ford)
(4:30AM) Cheyenne Autumn (1964/155m/John Ford)
(7:15AM) The Lash (1931/77m/Frank Lloyd)
(8:45AM) The Sin Ship (1931/65m/Louis Wolheim)
(10:00AM) The Lost Squadron (1932/79m/George Archainbaud)
(11:30AM) Men Of Chance (1932/67m/George Archainbaud)
(12:45PM) Upper World (1934/73m/Roy Del Ruth)
(2:15PM) Dinky (1935/65m/D. Ross Lederman)
(3:30PM) I Am A Thief (1935/64m/Robert Florey)
(4:45PM) Man Of Iron (1935/62m/William McGann)
(6:00PM) Page Miss Glory (1935/93m/Mervyn Le Roy)
(8:00PM) Soylent Green (1973/97m/Richard O. Fleischer)
(10:00PM) Jason and the Argonauts (1963/104m/Don Chaffey)
Saturday November 23, 2019
(12:00AM) A Hard Day’s Night (1964/87m/Richard Lester)
(2:00AM) Maniac (1963/86m/Michael Carreras)
(3:45AM) Stop Me Before I Kill (1961/108/Val Guest)
(5:30AM) Summer of ‘63 (1963/21m/?)
(5:30AM) The Corvair In Action! (1960/6m/?)
(6:00AM) Mr. Lucky (1943/100m/H.C. Potter)
(8:00AM) MGM CARTOONS: Little Cheeser (1936/9m/Rudolf Ising) (P)
(8:10AM) Goofy Movies Number Nine (1934/10m/?)
(8:21AM) Roaming Through Arizona (1944/9m/James A. FitzPatrick)
(8:31AM) Smashing The Money Ring (1939/57m/Terry Morse)
(9:30AM) JUNGLE QUEEN: Execution Chamber (SERIAL) (1945/19m/?) (P)
(10:00AM) POPEYE: Never Sock A Baby (1939/6m/Dave Fleischer) (P)
(10:07AM) Looking For Danger (1957/62m/Austen Jewell)
(11:30AM) Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s Big Parade For 1940 (Cairo Theatre Opening) (1940/23m/?)
(12:00PM) The Maltese Falcon (1941/100m/John Huston)
(2:00PM) Plymouth Adventure (1952/105m/Clarence Brown)
(4:00PM) Operation Crossbow (1965/116m/Michael Anderson)
(6:15PM) One On One (1977/98m/Lamont Johnson)
(8:00PM) Daughters of the Dust (1991/112m/Julie Dash)
(10:00PM) Crossing Delancey (1988/97m/Joan Micklin Silver)
Sunday November 24, 2019
(12:00AM) Kansas City Confidential (1952/99m/Phil Karlson)
(2:00AM) The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934/98m/Harold Young)
(4:00AM) The Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel (1937/80m/Hans Schwartz)
(6:00AM) Alice Adams (1935/99m/George Stevens)
(7:45AM) H.M. Pulham, Esq. (1941/120m/King Vidor)
(10:00AM) Kansas City Confidential (1952/99m/Phil Karlson)
(12:00PM) Annie Get Your Gun (1950/107m/George Sidney)
(2:00PM) I’ll Cry Tomorrow (1955/119m/Daniel Mann)
(4:15PM) Guess Who’s Coming To Dinner (1967/108m/Stanley Kramer)
(6:15PM) The Late Show (1977/93m/Robert Benton)
(8:00PM) Roman Holiday (1953/118m/William Wyler)
(10:15PM) Princess O’Rourke (1943/94m/Norman Krasna)
Monday November 25, 2019
(12:00AM) The Passion of Joan of Arc (1927/81m/Carl Th. Dreyer)
(2:00AM) Le Silence de la Mer (1949/87m/Jean-Pierre Melville)
(3:45AM) Les Enfants Terribles (1950/107m/Jean-Pierre Melville)
(6:00AM) Miracle Money (1938/21m/Leslie Fenton)
(6:30AM) Experiment Alcatraz (1951/59m/Edward L. Cahn)
(7:30AM) Doctor X (1932/76m/Michael Curtiz)
(9:00AM) The Murder of Dr. Harrigan (1936/67m/Frank McDonald)
(10:15AM) The Patient In Room 18 (1938/59m/Bobby Connolly)
(11:30AM) Green For Danger (1946/91m/Sidney Gillat)
(1:15PM) While The Patient Slept (1935/66m/Ray Enright)
(2:30PM) Night Nurse (1931/72m/William A. Wellman)
(3:45PM) The Nurse’s Secret (1941/64m/Noel M. Smith)
(5:00PM) Where Danger Lives (1950/80m/John Farrow)
(6:30PM) Hysteria (1965/85m/Freddie Francis)
(8:00PM) Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939/114m/Sam Wood)
(10:15PM) The Thing From Another World (1951/87m/Christian Nyby and Howard Hawks)
Tuesday November 26, 2019
(12:00AM) Sherlock Jr. (1924/46m/Buster Keaton)
(1:00AM) Lilies Of The Field (1963/94m/Ralph Nelson)
(3:00AM) The Miracle (1959/121m/Irving Rapper)
(5:15AM) MGM Parade Show #27 (1955/29m/?)
(6:00AM) Winter Meeting (1948/104m/Bretaigne Windust)
(8:00AM) All About Eve (1950/138m/Joseph L. Mankiewicz)
(10:30AM) Payment On Demand (1951/90m/Curtis Bernhardt)
(12:15PM) The Star (1953/90m/Stuart Heisler)
(2:00PM) The Catered Affair (1956/94m/Richard Brooks)
(3:45PM) The Scapegoat (1959/92m/Robert Hamer)
(5:30PM) Pocketful of Miracles (1961/137m/Frank Capra)
(8:00PM) What Ever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962/134m/Robert Aldrich)
(10:30PM) Dead Ringer (1964/116m/Paul Henreid)
Wednesday November 27, 2019
(12:30AM) The Nanny (1965/93m/Seth Holt)
(2:30AM) The Whales of August (1987/91m/Lindsay Anderson)
(4:15AM) TBD
(6:00AM) Three Colors: Blue (1993/98m/Krzysztof Kieslowski)
(8:00AM) Wings of Desire (1987/128m/Wim Wenders)
(10:30AM) Paris, Texas (1984/145m/Wim Wenders)
(1:00PM) Being There (1979/130m/Hal Ashby)
(3:30PM) Das Boot (1982/149m/Wolfgang Petersen)
(6:15PM) In The Mood For Love (2000/99m/Wong Kar Wai)
(8:00PM) Lawrence of Arabia (1962/227m/David Lean)
Thursday November 28, 2019
(12:00AM) Citizen Kane (1941/119m/Orson Welles)
(2:15AM) Image Makers: The Adventures of America’s Pioneer Cinematographers (2019/92m/Daniel Raim)
(4:00AM) 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968/149m/Stanley Kubrick)
(6:45AM) The Phantom Tollbooth (1970/89m/Chuck Jones)
(8:30AM) The Secret Garden (1949/92m/Fred M. Wilcox)
(10:15AM) The Muppets Take Manhattan (1984/94m/Frank Oz)
(12:00PM) Heidi (1937/88m/Allan Dwan)
(1:45PM) Tom Thumb (1958/92m/George Pal)
(3:30PM) National Velvet (1944/123m/Clarence Brown)
(5:45PM) Annie (1982/127m/John Huston)
(8:00PM) Sitting Pretty (1948/84m/Walter Lang)
(9:45PM) Yours, Mine and Ours (1968/111m/Melville Shavelson)
(11:45PM) You Can’t Take It With You (1938/126m/Frank Capra)
Friday November 29, 2019
(2:00AM) Room For One More (1952/95m/Norman Taurog)
(4:00AM) Father of the Bride (1950/93m/Vincente Minnelli)
(6:00AM) The Biggest Bundle Of Them All (1968/108m/Ken Annakin)
(8:00AM) Gambit (1967/108m/Ronald Neame)
(10:00AM) The Pink Panther (1964/115m/Blake Edwards)
(12:00PM) A Shot In The Dark (1964/102m/Blake Edwards)
(2:00PM) The Return of the Pink Panther (1975/113m/Blake Edwards) (P)
(4:00PM) The Pink Panther Strikes Again (1976/103m/Blake Edwards)
(6:00PM) Revenge of the Pink Panther (1976/99m/Blake Edwards)
(8:00PM) Sullivan’s Travels (1942/91m/Preston Sturges)
(10:00PM) A Face In The Crowd (1957/126m/Elia Kazan)
Saturday November 30, 2019
(12:15AM) Marty (1955/94m/Delbert Mann)
(2:00AM) The Pyramid (1976/93m/Gary Kent)
(4:00AM) Changing (1971/28m/Hubert Smith)
(6:00AM) Kismet (1955/113m/Vincente Minnelli)
(8:00AM) MGM CARTOONS: Little Buck Cheeser (1937/8m/Rudolf Ising) (P)
(8:09AM) Grandpa Called It Art (1944/10m/Walter Hart)
(8:20AM) Quaint Quebec (1936/8m/Benjamin D. Sharpe)
(8:30AM) The Mysterious Doctor (1943/57m/Ben Stoloff)
(9:30AM) JUNGLE QUEEN: The Trail of Doom (SERIAL) (1945/16m/?) (P)
(10:00AM) POPEYE: Shakespearean Spinach (1933/6m/Dave Fleischer) (P)
(10:15AM) Paris Playboys (1954/62m/William Beaudine)
(11:30AM) Alibi Racket (1935/18m/George B. Seitz)
(12:00PM) Night Train To Munich (1940/95m/Carol Reed)
(1:45PM) Giant (1956/201m/George Stevens)
(5:15PM) The Great Race (1965/160m/Blake Edwards)
(8:00PM) The Battle of Algiers (1966/122m/Gillo Pontecorvo)
(10:15PM) Burn! (1969/112m/Gillo Pontecorvo)
submitted by tombstoneshadows28 to movies [link] [comments]


2019.05.31 06:24 Lamont-Cranston The Koch Brothers and the far right/altright

This is something I've been trying to write for a while assembled from Jane Mayer and Nancy Macleans books, the UnKochMyCampus investigation and articles accumulated on /KochWatch. It's kinda rough. Let me know what you think.
--- Historical Background ---
In the 1950s the Koch Brothers father Fred Koch co-founded The John Birch Society. JBS opposed the Civil Rights Movement and School Integration, they accused Eisenhower of being a Soviet mole, wanted Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren impeached for Brown v Board of Education, accused Martin Luthor King of being a Soviet trained agent, and were distributing WANTED posters for JFK in Houston the day he was assassinated.
Charles worked in it as a young man, by the mid-1960s Fred Koch sent his four boys to attend Robert LeFevre's Freedom School (note: that's 24 pages so you might prefer a summary here).
Although Charles doesn't publicly discuss this era and his activities during it much he has acknowledged that it was here at the Freedom School he had a revelation upon first encountering the works of Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayak. Charles enthusiasm led him to taking on an active role in its funding and operation, a precursor of the vast network in operation today.
It would wind up changing its name to Rampart College to avoid confusion with the pro-Integration freedom schools in the South. Because the Freedom School had Segregationists among its financiers, on the faculty, and among its student body:
So far all the [nearly 1,000] students have been white. Applicants are required to state their race and religion on application forms. Negroes have applied, Mr. LeFevre said, but so far have not been enrolled. They would be if qualified, he said, though it might present a housing problem because some of his students are segregationists. New York Times, 1965
In addition to the Segregationists it also had early Holocaust Deniers giving lectures, on the faculty, and published in the journal. Men like Harry Elmer Barnes and James J. Martin.
“Even if one were to accept the most extreme and exaggerated indictment of Hitler and the national socialists for their activities after 1939 made by anybody fit to remain outside a mental hospital, it is almost alarmingly easy to demonstrate that the atrocities of the Allies in the same period were more numerous as to victims and were carried out for the most part by methods more brutal and painful than alleged extermination in gas ovens.” Harry Elmer Barnes, Rampart Journal, 1966
Charles had been Executive, Trustee, and Funder of the Freedom School/Rampart College for 2 years when that was published.
Deborah Lipstadt's 1993 book Denying the Holocaust devotes chapter 4 "The First Stirrings of Denial in America" to Barnes as the main link between revisionism in the 1920s (re-evaluation of German responsibility for World War I) and the emergence in the 1950s of Holocaust denial (arguing that the Jewish Holocaust either did not happen or was exaggerated by wartime Allied propaganda and postwar Jewish politics).
By the early 1970s Charles had taken charge of the Institute for Humane Studies and it was presenting seminars co-hosted by Martin and Leonard Liggio.
Following the schools collapse Charles found a new influence in Murray Rothbard and together they established Reason Foundation to publish Reason Magazine, The Cato Institute which was originally called the Charles Koch Foundation, and provided the start up funds for the Center for Libertarian Studies which described itself as "sister organizations" with the Cato Institute with whom they “coordinate their plans and their programs."
Reason Magazine in its early days provided a forum for Holocaust Deniers publishing Martin, Austin J. App, Percy Greaves, and Gary North) - North was the director of The Foundation for Economic Education at that time and is still on its board of trustees, it is one of the many think tanks the Kochs contribute to.
MARTIN: Well, I never made a head count of all who lost their lives in the War—we've seen a wide variety of statistical materials, some of which have been pulled out of thin air... I don't believe that the evidence of a planned extermination of the entire Jewish population of Europe is holding up. [...] The German concentration camps weren't health centers, but they appear to have been far smaller and much less lethal than the Russian ones. As proof that the Holocaust was a hoax, Martin told Reason's "journalists" that he relied on the works of Europe’s leading Holocaust denier, Paul Rassinier, whose books — “Debunking the Genocide Myth,” “The Drama of European Jewry” — described Nazi concentration camps as “a gesture of compassion” designed by the Nazis to “rehabilitate the strayed sheep.” According to Rassinier, the Holocaust was a “swindle” concocted by money-grubbing Zionists out to “make Germany an ever-lasting milk cow for Israel.”
By 1979 Martin had a seat on the board of trustees at the Center for Libertarian Studies. Early CLS officials consisted of Rothbard, Henry Hazlitt, Joseph Stromberg, Walter Block, and Lew Rockwell served as Vice President of CLS.
As well as writing introductions to pamphlets of Barnes essays reprinted by Cato.
With the dawn of the 1980s and the 'Reagan Revolution' bringing many libertarian ideals to the fore Charles sought to become mainstream, split with Rothbard and other fringe elements, and found a new influence in James McGill Buchanan. Buchanan had been involved in Virginias anti-Integration campaign where he crafted the concept of tax credits for private tuition to circumvent Federal intervention by shifting white students to private schools and crafting an argument based on personal choice devoid of racist rhetoric. In the 1980s Buchanan work as an advisor to the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile aiding them in crafting "locks and bolts" in a new Constitution that would hamper government acting on the will of the majority of the population and protect a wealthy elite minority even with democracy restored and the dictatorship long gone.
With Buchanans appointment to George Mason University and Charles infusing it with hundreds of millions of dollars as well as locating the IHS and Mercatus Center, which is headed by former Koch Industries VP Richard Fink, on its campus it would be transformed into an assembly line for Charles and Buchanans ideas producing a steady stream of academics and policy makers carrying forward their ideals.
It is the largest recipient of Koch funding of colleges, between 2005-2017 it received 85 million, 34 million went to IHS, and 8 million went to Mercatus. In 2018 it was discovered they had in fact obtained control over the hiring and firing of faculty.
Rothbard, Rockwell, and the other early CLS staff would go on to found the Ludwig von Mises Institute. The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the Mises Institute as neo-confederate. Martin and Graves would go onto the Institute for Historical Review.
ther CLS and Mises affiliates would in turn form the League of the South, with Rothbard and Rockwell charter members
Although overt extremism like what they supported in their early days has now been publicly abandoned and there is the ostensible split between Charles Koch and Murray Rothbard, the founding of Mises by numerous people who began in the Koch network and the support many individual members still receive from the Koch network and the participation of Mises in Koch network events demonstrate that in many ways it acts as a stalking horse, saying and doing things and associating with people on behalf of the Kochs that they can no longer afford to be seen doing in public.
What this points to is Koch-backed intermediaries create spin-off groups generating a plausible denial pipeline from libertarianism to anarcho capitalism to the altright.
--- Contemporary ---
Charles Murray (1), author of the infamous Bell Curve and the followup Losing Ground, was supported in the 1980s by Koch funded think tanks Heritage Foundation and Manhattan Institute, today is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute another Koch funded think tank and David Koch sits on the board of directors, is a regular presenter at Koch donor conferences, and Charles Koch’s book the Science of Success cites Murray.
Garret Jones (you have to scroll down a bit to the timeline of interviews), an economist at GMU's Mercatus Center. Jones draws heavily on the work of white supremacist and eugenicist Richard Lynn, and even personally thanked the Pioneer Fund figurehead in an article he published in the Journal of Economic Growth in 2005. In 2015 Jones delivered a lecture which argued that less democracy in the United States would lead to better governance. His monograph on third world immigration was positively reviewed by VDARE in 2017. Recently he has speculated on an unusual form of wealth redistribution.
Florida Atlantic University professor Marshall DeRosa is on the research advisory council at the Koch-funded Florida thinktank the James Madison Institute, a scholar at the Ludwig von Mises Institute, on the faculty of the League of the South Institute - the 'educational branch' of the violent neo-confederate League of the South - and employed by the Kochs for their 'prisoner outreach'. At the James Madison Institute he has written that restoration of voting rights for prisoners be dependent upon the completion of civics courses such as his - his course implements books by Cleon Skousen to teach Tea Party inspired religious extremism.
Coupled with the larger criminal justice reforms being pushed by the Koch network, DeRosa’s project paints a grim picture of things to come. Under the pretence of reducing recidivism, and with the help of deeply flawed research, Koch-network reformers are advocating for the mass privatization of prisoner re-entry programs. This will create more opportunities for private contractors to profit, and for Charles Koch and his allies to inject free-market and religious extremism into public institutions.
The University of Arizona contains the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom, also known as The Freedom Center, $1.8 million from the Koch Brothers and $2.6 million from Ken and Randy Kendrick, charter members of the Koch funding network. David Schmidtz, former head of the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom/Freedom Center now heads the Universities Department of Political Economy and Moral Science which the Center has been incorporated within. One of the departments first hires was Assistant Professor Jonathan Anomaly, he has published an article Public Goods and Education. In it Anomaly discussed the value of exploring links between genetics and IQ of different racial groups, and the value of eugenics. In another article Defending Eugenics he states:
Hitler’s attempt to exterminate Ashkenazi Jews [was] contrary to what any reasonable eugenics program would hope to achieve: to produce future people with qualities that we value, including intelligence and creativity. A truly eugenic program might have encouraged Jews to breed more, not less.
And elsewhere opposes public education, "I conclude with a note of skepticism about the desirability of direct government involvement in education, even if it plays a limited role in financing it through vouchers, grants, or loans that can be redeemed at accredited schools."
The Center has also published a Dr. James Otteson written paper that attempts to combat “social justice” arguments. Otteson is he director of a $3.69 million Koch funded Eudaimonia Institute at Wake Forest University meant to study "well being," and a manuscript reader at two Mises Institute journals and on the editorial board of a third. He was recorded at a 2014 Koch donor seminar titled Leverage Science and the Universities in which he discussed among other things how to rebrand capitalism as "wellness", serious concerns were raised by the faculty following its disclosure. Not a first for Otteson previously forced out from Yeshiva University for questionable hiring, biased curriculum, and operating an anonymous blog that contained material like this: he referred to “growing” evidence that women do less well in the sciences than men partly because of “differential abilities between men and women.” In another post, in which he quotes an author as saying that “women, without male guidance, are illogical, frivolous, and incapable of making any decisions beyond what to make for dinner,” Otteson himself refers to “high-functioning women”.
While at Arizona State University they have given $3 million to the Center for the Study of Economic Liberty. Its founding director William Boyes has addressed the Mises Institute on his opposition to public education: "[G]et rid of the public education, create private education as a replacement, have a market for education, then I think we really can have an impact."
Centers at both of Arizonas universities both funding anti-public education advocacy.
Samuel Adams of Sarah Lawrence College is a GMU and IHS alumnus and indulges in the usual fare of "liberal takeover" of colleges.
Timothy Shiell an English and Philosophy professor at the University of Wisconsin-Stout is the director of the Koch funded Center for the Study of Institutions and Innovation. It is responsible for facilitating a "civil and rational debate and research" on how "civil liberty issues guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution: freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petitioning the government" are tied to "institutions and innovation in government, civic, business, social, scientific and religious settings." Shiell was a "whistleblower" that called on the Koch-funded free speech organization, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and the National Coalition Against Censorship to stop the UW-Stout from taking down what was widely regarded by students and administrators as racist paintings from a campus building. In a 1998 book called "Campus Hate Speech On Trial," Shiell lamented that "despite commitments to free speech and the open exchange of ideas, American colleges and universities had increasingly ignored such principles by implementing numerous hate speech codes designed to protect students from racial, sexual, and other forms of harassment."
These come just from stories found on /KochWatch, considering how much money they spend on colleges, endowments they have provided, institutes they have set up on campuses how many more are there?
A great deal more.
Through Donors Capital Fund the Kochs fund Daniel Pipes Islamophobic 'think tank' Middle East Forum.
The Kochs, along with the Mercers and DeVos, fund the college student outreach group Young America's Foundation that funded those lecture tours that caused so much commotion featuring Murray, David Horowitz, Ann Coulter, Ted Nugent, Milo Yiannopoulos. Other speakers it has sponsored have included Robert Spencer, and Ben Shapiro (1, 2)
And simultaneous to this they are funding the creation of Campus Free Speech laws - the Goldwater Institute and the Ethics and Public Policy Center 'Campus Free Speech Act' and ALECs FORUM Act - to protect their speakers, silence dissent, and force in more extremists.
Current YAF president Ron Robinson and board member James B. Taylor were two of the three board members of a now-inactive political action committee called America’s PAC (its third Michael Boos is a GMU grad), which donated to the white nationalist Martel Society and consistently contributed to the campaigns of Iowa Republican Rep. Steve King, who is also Koch linked and well known for his racism. Taylor is also former president of the National Policy Institute, which is now run by White Supremacist and altright 'leader' Richard Spencer.
ALEC have also hosted Horowitz. While some donors backed out of involvement with ALEC after that the Kochs double down on their support. Not surprising then that his 'Freedom Center' has received $127,600 from DonorsTrust.
Incidentally Trumps immigration advisor Stephen Miller was a YAF alumni, formed a chapter of Horowitzs Students for Academic Freedom that targeted professors for expressing their views - and a college friend of... Richard Spencer. They raised money together to host a lecture by Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE.
A new organisation employing many Koch alumni is Speech First, its funding is not yet known but the millions it spends far outstrip what its student membership fee raises and the claims it makes are in line with many here. Its mission is to oppose College regulations protecting students from racial and sexual harassment - sharing the same intentions as Shiells center, the Free Speech Laws they are producing, and other parts of the Koch network aiming to protect Hate Speech and discrimination. But of course its representatives insist it has no connection.
Dave Rubin now has a "partnership" with Learn Library, which was established by the Institute for Humane Studies mentioned earlier.
Charlie Kirks TPUSA is another college student outreach group they fund - note: the author identifies two of its financiers as Koch funded but missed that Reason Foundation and Foundation for Individual Rights in Education are also Koch funded, remember that Charles in fact founded Reason Foundation, meaning that four of its sources of funds are funded by the Kochs. Also note that one of the groups contributing to TPUSA that the Kochs fund is the Gary North-linked The Foundation for Economic Education.
It has issues with illegal political activity for election campaigns and racial bias, its agenda can be summed up as: Once in control of student governments, the brochure says, Turning Point expects its allied campus leaders to follow a set political agenda. Among its planks are the defunding of progressive organizations on campus, the implementation of "free speech" policies eliminating barriers to hate speech, and the blocking of all campus "boycott, divestment and sanctions" movements. Turning Point’s agenda also calls for the student leaders it empowers to use student resources to host speakers and forums promoting "American Exceptionalism and Free Market ideals on campus." Bringing it into line with the Speech First, Shiells center, the Kochs Campus Free Speech law push, and overall agenda of infusing college students with their beliefs about the market and denying racism in conservative policies and rhetoric.
Other activities have included injecting Dark Money into student government elections, growing links to the altright, and inviting an Identity Evropa white nationalist to speak at a college. A new spinoff Turning Point Action appears to already be violating IRS regulations before it has even begun.
Senior leadership have expressed Nazi sympathy, Hitler apologetics, white supremacism+held dual membership with Identity Evropa/American Identity Movement, and worked on campaigns with Roger Stone. And finally, Marshall DeRosa is the sponsor of the Florida Atlantic University TPUSA chapter.
Rebel Media was founded by Ezra Levant – formerly he worked at the Koch funded Fraser Institute their primary think tank in Canada and did his internship at the Charles G. Koch Foundation. It has received funding from the Middle East Forum, which the Kochs fund. And has produced anti-Muslim attack ads with them featuring far-right personalities.
Rebel Media has been a regular platform for Jordan Peterson who they have raised money for, Lauren Southern, Gavin McInnes, and Faith Goldy - who favourably cite Richard Spencer.
Jordan Peterson also often recommends Koch linked groups like IHS, cites the Cato Institute sponsored HumanProgress, addresses the Koch funded Manhattan Institute and Heritage Foundation, pals around with Dave Rubin, and appears at TPUSA events with Kirk, Shapiro and other Koch linked speakers.
A recent TPUSA event hosted Peterson and Sebastian Gorka.
Tucker Carlson was a fellow at the Koch-founded Cato Institute until 2015. Among a number of online outlets, the Charles G. Koch Foundation - where Ezra Levant did his internship - and other Koch foundations have contributed significantly to Carlsons Daily Caller. The Daily Caller has reported very favourably on the Charlottesville altright march, its journalist Jason Kessler addressed the marchers 'in which he praised fascist and racist organizations, thanked a prominent Holocaust denier, and declared the beginnings of a cultural “civil war.” Kessler has many links to the far right and white nationalists. But he is not the only one there: Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE - which reviewed Garret Jones favourably - has also contributed, several contributors have also written for it, several associate with Richard Spencer who remember took over from James B. Taylor at the National Policy Institute & was a college friend of Stephen Miller. Questions have also been raised about its 501(c)3 charitable registration. Without a doubt its content and staff are far more upfront and provocative than any other group or person yet listed here. Evan an ex-White Nationalist has said Carlson does coded messaging better than White Nationalists.
And for additional evidence, the high school carriculum they donate when schools run short of funding (because of Koch backed efforts to cut taxes that fund them): 1, 2, 3.
--- Analysis (where I struggle the most) ---
As the Garret Jones link demonstrates Stefan Molyneux maintains connections to Jones, the von Mises Institute founded by their former associate Rothbard, Murray who is Koch funded, the League of the South which was founded by CLS and Mises associates and which DeRosa is associated with, and others in the emerging altright, which are all Koch linked either through direct funding or associating with those they fund. Mises itself despite ostensibly not receiving Koch money has many alumni and faculty who do receive Koch money or are involved with apparatus of the Koch network. Richard Spencer has similar repeated connections being cited by Rebel Media and The Daily Caller pundits and he runs a group formerly run by YAF board members.
The conventional libertarian economists and think tanks the Kochs support are combined with the more radical academics that provide an 'intellectual' underpinning to "racial realism"; through the manipulation of 'grievance politics' appealing to disaffected youth and a working class left behind by neoliberalism - the mantra of liberal take over of college campuses, society being under threat from the SJWs and political correctness, that there is no racism in America and that lack of prosperity is due to ones own lack of trying hard enough (or perhaps genetic inferiority) and affirmative action is discrimination, Feminazis are wrong, illegal immigrants are taking jobs, Islam is at war with the West, etc - pushed by the likes of Shapiro, Rubin, Peterson, Kirk, outlets like Rebel Media, Daily Caller, etc all provide simple emotionally appealing explanations that cite the academics and institutes for what the supposed real cause of their problems are; and the fellow travellers like Molyneux, Spencer, Mises Institute, and VDARE provide an additional extreme admixture to push things further.
All advancing into the mainstream extreme views and directing the adherents to support campaigns and politicians the Kochs back.
Partly this is motivated by self interest as they are aligning this radicalised base with support for the Kochs policy agenda that few would adopt if stated openly: lowering taxes for the wealthy, industrial and financial and environmental deregulation, privatisation and rollback of public services.
But more than anything the Kochs are no mere classical liberals or libertarians concerned with government overreach. Instead while we have no direct quotes we can nevertheless surmise from their repeated pattern of associations and funding that the Kochs seek to create a 'let the chips fall where they may' institutionally-biased racism and even a segregated society concealed within economic jargon. Just like Buchanans "locks and bolts."
And it should also point to a confluence of these academics and media personalities pushing a demographic to an increasingly extreme position that welcomes conflict.
As one of their pet academics once said at an early CLS conference:
In support of building their own youth movement, another speaker, the libertarian historian Leonard Liggio, cited the success of the Nazi model. In his paper titled "National Socialist Political Strategy: Social Change in a Modern Industrial Society with an Authoritarian Tradition," Liggio, who was affiliated with the Koch-funded Institute for Humane Studies (IHS) from 1974 to 1998, described the Nazis' successful creation of a youth movement a key to their capture of the state. Like the Nazis, he suggested, libertarians should organise university students to create group identity.
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2019.05.28 19:37 Lamont-Cranston The Kochs and the far right/altright

This is something I've been trying to write for a while assembled from Jane Mayer and Nancy Macleans books, the UnKochMyCampus investigation and articles accumulated on /KochWatch. It's kinda rough. Let me know what you think.
--- Historical Background ---
In the 1950s the Koch Brothers father Fred Koch co-founded The John Birch Society. JBS opposed the Civil Rights Movement and School Integration, they accused Eisenhower of being a Soviet mole, wanted Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren impeached for Brown v Board of Education, accused Martin Luthor King of being a Soviet trained agent, and were distributing WANTED posters for JFK in Houston the day he was assassinated.
Charles worked in it as a young man, by the mid-1960s Fred Koch sent his four boys to attend Robert LeFevre's Freedom School (note: that's 24 pages so you might prefer a summary here).
Although Charles doesn't publicly discuss this era and his activities during it much he has acknowledged that it was here at the Freedom School he had a revelation upon first encountering the works of Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek. Charles enthusiasm led him to taking on an active role in its funding and operation, a precursor of the vast network in operation today.
It would wind up changing its name to Rampart College to avoid confusion with the pro-Integration freedom schools in the South. Because the Freedom School had Segregationists among its financiers, faculty, and student body:
So far all the [nearly 1,000] students have been white. Applicants are required to state their race and religion on application forms. Negroes have applied, Mr. LeFevre said, but so far have not been enrolled. They would be if qualified, he said, though it might present a housing problem because some of his students are segregationists. New York Times, 1965
In addition to the Segregationists it also had early Holocaust Deniers giving lectures, on the faculty, and published in the journal. Men like Harry Elmer Barnes and James J. Martin.
Even if one were to accept the most extreme and exaggerated indictment of Hitler and the national socialists for their activities after 1939 made by anybody fit to remain outside a mental hospital, it is almost alarmingly easy to demonstrate that the atrocities of the Allies in the same period were more numerous as to victims and were carried out for the most part by methods more brutal and painful than alleged extermination in gas ovens. ~ Harry Elmer Barnes, Rampart Journal, 1966
Charles had been Executive, Trustee, and Funder of the Freedom School/Rampart College for 2 years when that was published.
Deborah Lipstadt's book Denying the Holocaust devotes chapter 4 "The First Stirrings of Denial in America" to Barnes as the main link between revisionism in the 1920s (re-evaluation of German responsibility for World War I) and the emergence in the 1950s of Holocaust denial (arguing that the Jewish Holocaust either did not happen or was exaggerated by wartime Allied propaganda and postwar Jewish politics), she identifies him as the man chiefly responsible for the development of Holocaust denial in America.
Following the schools collapse Charles found a new influence in Murray Rothbard and together they established Reason Foundation to publish Reason Magazine, The Cato Institute which was originally called the Charles Koch Foundation, and provided the start up funds for the Center for Libertarian Studies which described itself as "sister organizations" with the Cato Institute with whom they "coordinate their plans and their programs."
By the early 1970s Charles had also taken charge of the Institute for Humane Studies and it was presenting seminars co-hosted by Martin and Leonard Liggio.
Reason Magazine in its early days provided a forum for Holocaust Deniers publishing Martin, Austin J. App, Percy Greaves, and Gary North) - North was an associate of Ron Paul in his early days and the director of The Foundation for Economic Education at that time and is still on its board of trustees, it is one of the many think tanks the Kochs contribute to. He is also a Christian Dominionist.
MARTIN: Well, I never made a head count of all who lost their lives in the War—we've seen a wide variety of statistical materials, some of which have been pulled out of thin air... I don't believe that the evidence of a planned extermination of the entire Jewish population of Europe is holding up. [...] The German concentration camps weren't health centers, but they appear to have been far smaller and much less lethal than the Russian ones. As proof that the Holocaust was a hoax, Martin told Reason's "journalists" that he relied on the works of Europe’s leading Holocaust denier, Paul Rassinier, whose books — "Debunking the Genocide Myth," "The Drama of European Jewry" — described Nazi concentration camps as "a gesture of compassion" designed by the Nazis to "rehabilitate the strayed sheep." According to Rassinier, the Holocaust was a "swindle" concocted by money-grubbing Zionists out to "make Germany an ever-lasting milk cow for Israel."
By 1979 Martin had a seat on the board of trustees at the Center for Libertarian Studies. Early CLS officials consisted of Rothbard, Henry Hazlitt, Joseph Stromberg, Walter Block, and Lew Rockwell served as Vice President of CLS.
As well as writing introductions to pamphlets of Barnes essays reprinted by Cato.
With the dawn of the 1980s and the 'Reagan Revolution' bringing many libertarian ideals to the fore Charles sought to become mainstream, split with Rothbard and other fringe elements, and found a new influence in James McGill Buchanan.
Buchanan had been involved in Virginias anti-Integration campaign where he crafted the concept of tax credits for private tuition to circumvent Federal intervention by shifting white students to private schools and crafting an argument based on personal choice devoid of racist rhetoric. He believed that "Each person seeks mastery over a world of slaves". He believed that democracy constrains property owners, and that for the free market to truly be free democracy would need to be limited.
In the 1980s Buchanan worked as an adviser to the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile aiding them in crafting "locks and bolts" in a new Constitution that would hamper government acting on the will of the majority of the population and continue to protect a wealthy elite minority even with democracy restored and the dictatorship long gone. F.A. Hayek who inspired Charles at the Freedom School/Rampart College was also an adviser and went on record declaring "Personally I prefer a liberal dictatorship to democratic government devoid of liberalism."
Is it a surprise then that José Piñera the Minister for Labor and Social Security, and of Mining in the Pinochet regime is now a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute?
With Buchanans appointment to George Mason University and Charles infusing it with hundreds of millions of dollars as well as locating IHS and Mercatus Center, which is headed by former Koch Industries VP Richard Fink, on its campus it would be transformed into an assembly line for Charles and Buchanans ideas producing a steady stream of academics and policy makers carrying forward their ideals.
It is the largest recipient of Koch funding of colleges, between 2005-2017 it received 85 million, with an additional 34 million to IHS and 8 million to Mercatus. In 2018 it was discovered they had in fact obtained through these donations control over the hiring and firing of faculty and input on curriculum.
Rothbard now on his own set out to forge a link between libertarian economic ideas and 'paleoconservativism'. He, Rockwell, and the other early CLS staff founded the Ludwig von Mises Institute. The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the Mises Institute as neo-confederate. Martin and Graves would go onto the Institute for Historical Review.
Other CLS and Mises affiliates would in turn form the violent neo-Confederate group the League of the South, with Rothbard and Rockwell charter members.
Although overt extremism like what they supported in their early days has now been publicly abandoned and there is the ostensible split between Charles Koch and Murray Rothbard, the founding of Mises by numerous people who began in the Koch network and the support many individual members still receive from the Koch network and the participation of Mises in Koch network events demonstrate that in many ways it acts as a stalking horse, saying and doing things and associating with people on behalf of the Kochs that they can no longer afford to be seen doing in public.
--- Contemporary ---
Charles Murray1, author of the infamous Bell Curve and the followup Losing Ground, was supported in the 1980s by Koch funded think tanks Heritage Foundation and Manhattan Institute, today is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute another Koch funded think tank and David Koch previous sat on its national council, is a regular presenter at Koch donor conferences, and Charles Koch’s book the Science of Success cites Murray.
Garret Jones (you have to scroll down a bit to the timeline of interviews), an economist at GMU's Mercatus Center. Jones draws heavily on the work of white supremacist and eugenicist Richard Lynn, and even personally thanked the Pioneer Fund figurehead in an article he published in the Journal of Economic Growth in 2005. In 2015 Jones delivered a lecture which argued that less democracy in the United States would lead to better governance. His monograph on third world immigration was positively reviewed by VDARE in 2017. Recently he has speculated on an unusual form of wealth redistribution.
Florida Atlantic University professor Marshall DeRosa is on the research advisory council at the Koch-funded Florida thinktank the James Madison Institute, a scholar at the Ludwig von Mises Institute, on the faculty of the League of the South Institute - the 'educational branch' of the League of the South - and employed by the Kochs for their 'prisoner outreach'. At the James Madison Institute he has written that restoration of voting rights for prisoners be dependent upon the completion of civics courses such as his - his course implements books by Cleon Skousen to teach Tea Party inspired religious extremism.
Coupled with the larger criminal justice reforms being pushed by the Koch network, DeRosa’s project paints a grim picture of things to come. Under the pretence of reducing recidivism, and with the help of deeply flawed research, Koch-network reformers are advocating for the mass privatization of prisoner re-entry programs. This will create more opportunities for private contractors to profit, and for Charles Koch and his allies to inject free-market and religious extremism into public institutions.
At both universities in Arizona they have established institutes.
The University of Arizona contains the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom, also known as The Freedom Center, $1.8 million from the Koch Brothers and $2.6 million from Ken and Randy Kendrick, charter members of the Koch funding network. David Schmidtz, former head of the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom/Freedom Center now heads the Universities Department of Political Economy and Moral Science which the Center has been incorporated within.
One of the departments first hires was Assistant Professor Jonathan Anomaly, he has published an article Public Goods and Education. In it Anomaly discussed the value of exploring links between genetics and IQ of different racial groups, and the value of eugenics. In another article Defending Eugenics he states:
Hitler’s attempt to exterminate Ashkenazi Jews [was] contrary to what any reasonable eugenics program would hope to achieve: to produce future people with qualities that we value, including intelligence and creativity. A truly eugenic program might have encouraged Jews to breed more, not less.
And elsewhere opposes public education:
"I conclude with a note of skepticism about the desirability of direct government involvement in education, even if it plays a limited role in financing it through vouchers, grants, or loans that can be redeemed at accredited schools."
In 2020 he published a new paper Dodging Darwin: Race, evolution, and the hereditarian hypothesis.
Another has been Jason Brennan whose book "Against Democracy" which justifies voter suppression by suggesting the American electorate is divided into hobbits (the disengaged electorate), hooligans (the stupid voters) and vulcans (the knowledgeable).
The Center has also published a Dr. James Otteson written paper that attempts to combat "social justice" arguments. Otteson is the director of a $3.69 million Koch funded Eudaimonia Institute at Wake Forest University meant to study "well being," and a manuscript reader at two Mises Institute journals and on the editorial board of a third. He was recorded at a 2014 Koch donor seminar titled Leverage Science and the Universities in which he discussed among other things how to rebrand capitalism as "wellness", serious concerns were raised by the faculty following its disclosure. Not a first for Otteson previously forced out from Yeshiva University for questionable hiring, biased curriculum, and operating an anonymous blog that contained material like this:
he referred to "growing" evidence that women do less well in the sciences than men partly because of "differential abilities between men and women." In another post, in which he quotes an author as saying that "women, without male guidance, are illogical, frivolous, and incapable of making any decisions beyond what to make for dinner," Otteson himself refers to "high-functioning women".
And at Arizona State University they have given $3 million to the Center for the Study of Economic Liberty. Its founding director William Boyes has addressed the Mises Institute on his opposition to public education:
[G]et rid of the public education, create private education as a replacement, have a market for education, then I think we really can have an impact.
If we’re going to change that, we’re going to change education. You don’t just change it on the margin, we change it. We get rid of public schools and we transition them into being private, for profit schools.
In 2020 a new $12 million grant to ASU was announced.
Samuel Adams of Sarah Lawrence College is a GMU and IHS alumnus and indulges in the usual fare of "liberal takeover" of colleges.
Timothy Shiell an English and Philosophy professor at the University of Wisconsin-Stout is the director of the Koch funded Center for the Study of Institutions and Innovation. It is responsible for facilitating a "civil and rational debate and research" on how "civil liberty issues guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution: freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petitioning the government" are tied to "institutions and innovation in government, civic, business, social, scientific and religious settings." Shiell was a "whistleblower" that called on the Koch-funded free speech organization, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and the National Coalition Against Censorship to stop the UW-Stout from taking down what was widely regarded by students and administrators as racist paintings from a campus building. In a 1998 book called "Campus Hate Speech On Trial," Shiell lamented that "despite commitments to free speech and the open exchange of ideas, American colleges and universities had increasingly ignored such principles by implementing numerous hate speech codes designed to protect students from racial, sexual, and other forms of harassment."
These come just from stories found on /KochWatch, considering how much money they spend on colleges, endowments they have provided, institutes they have set up on campuses how many more are there?
Through secretive 'donor advised fund sponsors' DonorsTrust and Donors Capital Fund the Kochs fund a variety of far-right anti-Muslim: Frank Gaffneys Center to Security Policy, David Horowitz and his Freedom Center, Daniel Pipes Middle East Forum, the Middle East Media and Research Institute, the American Freedom Defense Initiative which includes Pamela Gellers Stop Islamization of America. And anti-LGBTQ groups: Alliance Defending Freedom, Pacific Justice Initiative, Liberty Counsel,
The Kochs, along with the Mercers and DeVos, fund the college student outreach group Young America's Foundation that funded those lecture tours that caused so much commotion featuring Murray, David Horowitz, Ann Coulter, Ted Nugent, Milo Yiannopoulos, Matt Walsh. Other speakers it has sponsored have included Robert Spencer, and Ben Shapiro 1 2
Current YAF president Ron Robinson and board member James B. Taylor were two of the three board members of a now-inactive political action committee called America’s PAC (its third Michael Boos is a GMU grad), which donated to the white nationalist Martel Society and consistently contributed to the campaigns of Iowa Republican Rep. Steve King, who is also Koch linked and well known for his racism. He and Shapiro are also pals. Taylor is also former president of the National Policy Institute, which is now run by white nationalist and altright 'leader' Richard Spencer.
The Martel Society and National Policy institute were both founded by William Regnery II.
ALEC have also hosted Horowitz. While some donors backed out of involvement with ALEC after that the Kochs double down on their support. Not surprising then that his 'Freedom Center' has received $127,600 from DonorsTrust.
Incidentally Trumps immigration adviser Stephen Miller was a YAF alumni, formed a chapter of Horowitzs Students for Academic Freedom that targeted professors for expressing their views - and a college friend of... Richard Spencer. They raised money together to host a lecture by Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE.
And simultaneous to this they are funding the creation of Campus Free Speech laws - the Goldwater Institute and the Ethics and Public Policy Center 'Campus Free Speech Act' and ALECs FORUM Act - to protect their speakers, silence dissent, and force in more extremists.
A new organisation employing many Koch alumni is Speech First despite their initial denials tax filings now show their close interaction with the Koch network. Its mission is to oppose College regulations protecting students from racial and sexual harassment - sharing the same intentions as Shiells center, the Free Speech laws prohibiting and criminalising protest that they are producing, and other parts of the Koch network aiming to protect and advance their extreme views.
Dave Rubin now has a "partnership" with Learn Liberty, which was established by IHS mentioned earlier.
Charlie Kirks TPUSA is another college student outreach group they fund - note: the author identifies two of its financiers as Koch funded but missed that Reason Foundation and Foundation for Individual Rights in Education are also Koch funded, and that Reason Foundation and Generation Opportunity are also Koch founded, meaning that four of its sources of funds are funded by the Kochs. Also note that one of the groups contributing to TPUSA that the Kochs fund is the Gary North-linked The Foundation for Economic Education.
It has issues with illegal political activity for election campaigns and racial bias, its agenda can be summed up as:
Once in control of student governments, the brochure says, Turning Point expects its allied campus leaders to follow a set political agenda. Among its planks are the defunding of progressive organizations on campus, the implementation of "free speech" policies eliminating barriers to hate speech, and the blocking of all campus "boycott, divestment and sanctions" movements. Turning Point’s agenda also calls for the student leaders it empowers to use student resources to host speakers and forums promoting "American Exceptionalism and Free Market ideals on campus."
Bringing it into line with Speech First, Shiells center, the Kochs Campus Free Speech law push, and overall agenda of infusing college students with their beliefs about the market and denying racism in conservative policies and rhetoric.
Other activities have included injecting Dark Money into student government elections, growing links to the altright, and inviting an Identity Evropa white nationalist to speak at a college. A new spinoff Turning Point Action appears to already be violating IRS regulations before it has even begun.
Senior leadership have expressed Nazi sympathy, Hitler apologetics, white supremacism+held dual membership with Identity Evropa/American Identity Movement, and worked on campaigns with Roger Stone. And finally, Marshall DeRosa is the sponsor of the Florida Atlantic University TPUSA chapter.
Rebel Media was founded by Ezra Levant, in college he was a Koch Foundation Summer Fellow and attended various IHS and Liberty Fund events. He did his internship at the Charles G. Koch Foundation and then worked at the Koch funded Fraser Institute, their primary think tank in Canada. It has received funding from the Middle East Forum, which the Kochs fund. And has produced anti-Muslim attack ads with them featuring far-right personalities.
Rebel Media has been a regular platform for Jordan Peterson who they have raised money for, not to mention Lauren Southern, Gavin McInnes, and Faith Goldy - who favourably cite Richard Spencer.
Jordan Peterson also often recommends Koch linked groups like IHS, cites the Cato Institute sponsored HumanProgress, addresses the Koch funded Manhattan Institute and Heritage Foundation, pals around with Dave Rubin, and appears at TPUSA events with Kirk, Shapiro and other Koch linked speakers.
A recent TPUSA event hosted Peterson and Sebastian Gorka.
Tucker Carlson was a fellow at the Koch-founded Cato Institute until 2015. Among a number of online outlets, the Charles G. Koch Foundation - where Ezra Levant did his internship - and other Koch foundations have contributed significantly to Carlsons Daily Caller. The Daily Caller has reported very favourably on the Charlottesville altright march, its journalist Jason Kessler addressed the marchers 'in which he praised fascist and racist organizations, thanked a prominent Holocaust denier, and declared the beginnings of a cultural “civil war.” Kessler has many links to the far right and white nationalists. But he is not the only one there: Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE - which reviewed Garret Jones favourably - has also contributed, several contributors have also written for it, several associate with Richard Spencer who remember took over from James B. Taylor at the National Policy Institute & was a college friend of Stephen Miller. Questions have also been raised about its 501(c)3 charitable registration leading to a public interest watchdog to file suit with the IRS demanding an investigation. Without a doubt its content and staff are far more upfront and provocative than any other group or person yet listed here. Evan an ex-white nationalist has said Carlson does coded messaging better than White Nationalists. Representatives of Koch foundations have even call the Daily Caller abhorrent but wont say if they'll stop funding it.
And for additional evidence, the high school carriculum they donate when schools run short of funding (because of Koch backed efforts to cut taxes that fund them): 1, 2, 3.
--- Analysis (where I struggle the most) ---
What this background and contemporary associations point to is a Koch-backed network, intermediaries, and like minded individuals inspired by the network generating a plausible denial pipeline from libertarianism to anarcho capitalism to the altright.
Rothbards work is now popular within the altright. As the Garret Jones link demonstrates Stefan Molyneux maintains connections to Jones, the von Mises Institute founded by their former associate Rothbard, Murray who is Koch funded, the League of the South which was founded by CLS and Mises associates and which DeRosa is associated with, and others in the emerging altright, which are all Koch linked either through direct funding or associating with those they fund. Mises itself despite ostensibly not receiving Koch money has many alumni and faculty who do receive Koch money or are involved with apparatus of the Koch network. Richard Spencer has similar repeated connections being cited by Rebel Media and The Daily Caller pundits and he runs a group formerly run by YAF board members.
The anti-democratic pro-market academic work is given form in the Koch political network/Republican Party take over of states, gerrymandering them, and disenfranchising voters. Carrying forward Buchanans belief that for the free market to be free democracy must be limited, ultimately through "locks and bolts".
The conventional libertarian think tanks and foundations and economists are combined with the more radical academics that provide an 'intellectual' underpinning to "racial realism"; through the manipulation of 'grievance politics' appealing to insecure and socially dislocated young men and an older working class left behind by neoliberalism - the mantra of liberal take over of college campuses, society being under threat from the SJWs and political correctness, excusing and downplaying anti-Black racism arguing that lack of prosperity is due to ones own lack of trying hard enough (or perhaps genetic inferiority) or dysfunctional Black culture and affirmative action is discrimination, Feminazis are out of control, illegal immigrants are taking jobs, Islam is at war with the West, etc - pushed by the likes of Shapiro, Rubin, Peterson, outlets like Rebel Media, Daily Caller, Kirk and TPUSA, etc all provide simple emotionally appealing explanations that cite the academics and institutes for what the supposed real cause of their problems are; and the fellow travelers like Molyneux, Spencer, Mises Institute, and VDARE provide an additional extreme admixture to push things further.
All advancing into the mainstream extreme views and directing the adherents to support campaigns and politicians the Kochs back.
Partly this is motivated by self interest as they are aligning this radicalised base with support for the Kochs policy agenda that few would adopt if stated openly: lowering taxes for the wealthy, industrial and financial and environmental deregulation, privatisation and rollback of public services.
But more than anything the Kochs are no mere classical liberals or libertarians concerned with government overreach. Instead while we have no direct quotes we can nevertheless surmise from their repeated pattern of associations and funding that the Kochs seek to create a 'let the chips fall where they may' institutionally-biased racism and even a segregated society concealed within economic jargon. Limiting democracy not only lets the free market operate unimpeded but it also cuts off the voice of minorities and the poor to have their say. Just as Buchanans "locks and bolts" intend.
And it should also point to a confluence of these academics and media personalities pushing a demographic to an increasingly extreme position that welcomes conflict.
As one of their pet academics once said at an early CLS conference:
In support of building their own youth movement, another speaker, the libertarian historian Leonard Liggio, cited the success of the Nazi model. In his paper titled "National Socialist Political Strategy: Social Change in a Modern Industrial Society with an Authoritarian Tradition," Liggio, who was affiliated with the Koch-funded Institute for Humane Studies (IHS) from 1974 to 1998, described the Nazis' successful creation of a youth movement a key to their capture of the state. Like the Nazis, he suggested, libertarians should organise university students to create group identity.
submitted by Lamont-Cranston to KochWatch [link] [comments]


2019.03.15 16:11 Lamont-Cranston The Koch Brothers and the far right.

This is something I've been trying to write for a while assembled from Jane Mayer and Nancy Macleans books, the UnKochMyCampus investigation and articles accumulated on /KochWatch. It's kinda rough. Let me know what you think.
--- Historical Background ---
In the 1950s the Koch Brothers father Fred Koch co-founded The John Birch Society. JBS opposed the Civil Rights Movement and School Integration, they accused Eisenhower of being a Soviet mole, wanted Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren impeached for Brown v Board of Education, accused Martin Luthor King of being a Soviet trained agent, and were distributing WANTED posters for JFK in Houston the day he was assassinated.
Charles worked in it as a young man, by the mid-1960s Fred Koch sent his four boys to attend Robert LeFevre's Freedom School (note: that's 24 pages so you might prefer a summary here).
Although Charles doesn't publicly discuss this era and his activities during it much he has acknowledged that it was here at the Freedom School he had a revelation upon first encountering the works of Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayak. Charles enthusiasm led him to taking on an active role in its funding and operation, a precursor of the vast network in operation today.
It would wind up changing its name to Rampart College to avoid confusion with the pro-Integration freedom schools in the South. Because the Freedom School had Segregationists among its financiers, on the faculty, and among its student body:
So far all the [nearly 1,000] students have been white. Applicants are required to state their race and religion on application forms. Negroes have applied, Mr. LeFevre said, but so far have not been enrolled. They would be if qualified, he said, though it might present a housing problem because some of his students are segregationists. New York Times, 1965
In addition to the Segregationists it also had early Holocaust Deniers giving lectures, on the faculty, and published in the journal. Men like Harry Elmer Barnes and James J. Martin.
“Even if one were to accept the most extreme and exaggerated indictment of Hitler and the national socialists for their activities after 1939 made by anybody fit to remain outside a mental hospital, it is almost alarmingly easy to demonstrate that the atrocities of the Allies in the same period were more numerous as to victims and were carried out for the most part by methods more brutal and painful than alleged extermination in gas ovens.” Harry Elmer Barnes, Rampart Journal, 1966
Charles had been Executive, Trustee, and Funder of the Freedom School/Rampart College for 2 years when that was published.
Deborah Lipstadt's 1993 book Denying the Holocaust devotes chapter 4 "The First Stirrings of Denial in America" to Barnes as the main link between revisionism in the 1920s (re-evaluation of German responsibility for World War I) and the emergence in the 1950s of Holocaust denial (arguing that the Jewish Holocaust either did not happen or was exaggerated by wartime Allied propaganda and postwar Jewish politics).
By the early 1970s Charles had taken charge of the Institute for Humane Studies and it was presenting seminars co-hosted by Martin and Leonard Liggio.
Following the schools collapse Charles found a new influence in Murray Rothbard and together they established Reason Foundation to publish Reason Magazine, The Cato Institute which was originally called the Charles Koch Foundation, and provided the start up funds for the Center for Libertarian Studies which described itself as "sister organizations" with the Cato Institute with whom they “coordinate their plans and their programs."
Reason Magazine in its early days provided a forum for Holocaust Deniers publishing Martin, Austin J. App, Percy Greaves, and Gary North) - North was the director of The Foundation for Economic Education at that time and is still on its board of trustees, it is one of the many think tanks the Kochs contribute to.
MARTIN: Well, I never made a head count of all who lost their lives in the War—we've seen a wide variety of statistical materials, some of which have been pulled out of thin air... I don't believe that the evidence of a planned extermination of the entire Jewish population of Europe is holding up. [...] The German concentration camps weren't health centers, but they appear to have been far smaller and much less lethal than the Russian ones. As proof that the Holocaust was a hoax, Martin told Reason's "journalists" that he relied on the works of Europe’s leading Holocaust denier, Paul Rassinier, whose books — “Debunking the Genocide Myth,” “The Drama of European Jewry” — described Nazi concentration camps as “a gesture of compassion” designed by the Nazis to “rehabilitate the strayed sheep.” According to Rassinier, the Holocaust was a “swindle” concocted by money-grubbing Zionists out to “make Germany an ever-lasting milk cow for Israel.”
By 1979 Martin had a seat on the board of trustees at the Center for Libertarian Studies. Early CLS officials consisted of Rothbard, Henry Hazlitt, Joseph Stromberg, Walter Block, and Lew Rockwell served as Vice President of CLS.
As well as writing introductions to pamphlets of Barnes essays reprinted by Cato.
With the dawn of the 1980s and the 'Reagan Revolution' bringing many libertarian ideals to the fore Charles sought to become mainstream, split with Rothbard and other fringe elements, and found a new influence in James McGill Buchanan. Buchanan had been involved in Virginias anti-Integration campaign where he crafted the concept of tax credits for private tuition to circumvent Federal intervention by shifting white students to private schools and crafting an argument based on personal choice devoid of racist rhetoric. In the 1980s Buchanan work as an advisor to the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile aiding them in crafting "locks and bolts" in a new Constitution that would hamper government acting on the will of the majority of the population and protect a wealthy elite minority even with democracy restored and the dictatorship long gone.
With Buchanans appointment to George Mason University and Charles infusing it with hundreds of millions of dollars as well as locating the IHS and Mercatus Center, which is headed by former Koch Industries VP Richard Fink, on its campus it would be transformed into an assembly line for Charles and Buchanans ideas producing a steady stream of academics and policy makers carrying forward their ideals.
It is the largest recipient of Koch funding of colleges, between 2005-2017 it received 85 million, 34 million went to IHS, and 8 million went to Mercatus. In 2018 it was discovered they had in fact obtained control over the hiring and firing of faculty.
Rothbard, Rockwell, and the other early CLS staff would go on to found the Ludwig von Mises Institute. The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the Mises Institute as neo-confederate. Martin and Graves would go onto the Institute for Historical Review.
Other CLS and Mises affiliates would in turn form the League of the South, with Rothbard and Rockwell charter members.
Although overt extremism like what they supported in their early days has now been publicly abandoned and there is the ostensible split between Charles Koch and Murray Rothbard, the founding of Mises by numerous people who began in the Koch network and the support many individual members still receive from the Koch network and the participation of Mises in Koch network events demonstrate that in many ways it acts as a stalking horse, saying and doing things and associating with people on behalf of the Kochs that they can no longer afford to be seen doing in public.
What this points to is Koch-backed intermediaries create spin-off groups generating a plausible denial pipeline from libertarianism to anarcho capitalism to the altright.
--- Contemporary ---
Charles Murray (1), author of the infamous Bell Curve and the followup Losing Ground, was supported in the 1980s by Koch funded think tanks Heritage Foundation and Manhattan Institute, today is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute another Koch funded think tank and David Koch sits on the board of directors, is a regular presenter at Koch donor conferences, and Charles Koch’s book the Science of Success cites Murray.
Garret Jones (you have to scroll down a bit to the timeline of interviews), an economist at GMU's Mercatus Center. Jones draws heavily on the work of white supremacist and eugenicist Richard Lynn, and even personally thanked the Pioneer Fund figurehead in an article he published in the Journal of Economic Growth in 2005. In 2015 Jones delivered a lecture which argued that less democracy in the United States would lead to better governance. His monograph on third world immigration was positively reviewed by VDARE in 2017. Recently he has speculated on an unusual form of wealth redistribution.
Florida Atlantic University professor Marshall DeRosa is on the research advisory council at the Koch-funded Florida thinktank the James Madison Institute, a scholar at the Ludwig von Mises Institute, on the faculty of the League of the South Institute - the 'educational branch' of the violent neo-confederate League of the South - and employed by the Kochs for their 'prisoner outreach'. At the James Madison Institute he has written that restoration of voting rights for prisoners be dependent upon the completion of civics courses such as his - his course implements books by Cleon Skousen to teach Tea Party inspired religious extremism.
Coupled with the larger criminal justice reforms being pushed by the Koch network, DeRosa’s project paints a grim picture of things to come. Under the pretence of reducing recidivism, and with the help of deeply flawed research, Koch-network reformers are advocating for the mass privatization of prisoner re-entry programs. This will create more opportunities for private contractors to profit, and for Charles Koch and his allies to inject free-market and religious extremism into public institutions.
The University of Arizona contains the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom, also known as The Freedom Center, $1.8 million from the Koch Brothers and $2.6 million from Ken and Randy Kendrick, charter members of the Koch funding network. David Schmidtz, former head of the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom/Freedom Center now heads the Universities Department of Political Economy and Moral Science which the Center has been incorporated within. One of the departments first hires was Assistant Professor Jonathan Anomaly, he has published an article Public Goods and Education. In it Anomaly discussed the value of exploring links between genetics and IQ of different racial groups, and the value of eugenics. In another article Defending Eugenics he states:
Hitler’s attempt to exterminate Ashkenazi Jews [was] contrary to what any reasonable eugenics program would hope to achieve: to produce future people with qualities that we value, including intelligence and creativity. A truly eugenic program might have encouraged Jews to breed more, not less.
And elsewhere opposes public education, "I conclude with a note of skepticism about the desirability of direct government involvement in education, even if it plays a limited role in financing it through vouchers, grants, or loans that can be redeemed at accredited schools."
The Center has also published a Dr. James Otteson written paper that attempts to combat “social justice” arguments. Otteson is he director of a $3.69 million Koch funded Eudaimonia Institute at Wake Forest University meant to study "well being," and a manuscript reader at two Mises Institute journals and on the editorial board of a third. He was recorded at a 2014 Koch donor seminar titled Leverage Science and the Universities in which he discussed among other things how to rebrand capitalism as "wellness", serious concerns were raised by the faculty following its disclosure. Not a first for Otteson previously forced out from Yeshiva University for questionable hiring, biased curriculum, and operating an anonymous blog that contained material like this: he referred to “growing” evidence that women do less well in the sciences than men partly because of “differential abilities between men and women.” In another post, in which he quotes an author as saying that “women, without male guidance, are illogical, frivolous, and incapable of making any decisions beyond what to make for dinner,” Otteson himself refers to “high-functioning women”.
While at Arizona State University they have given $3 million to the Center for the Study of Economic Liberty. Its founding director William Boyes has addressed the Mises Institute on his opposition to public education: "[G]et rid of the public education, create private education as a replacement, have a market for education, then I think we really can have an impact."
Centers at both of Arizonas universities both funding anti-public education advocacy.
Samuel Adams of Sarah Lawrence College is a GMU and IHS alumnus and indulges in the usual fare of "liberal takeover" of colleges.
Timothy Shiell an English and Philosophy professor at the University of Wisconsin-Stout is the director of the Koch funded Center for the Study of Institutions and Innovation. It is responsible for facilitating a "civil and rational debate and research" on how "civil liberty issues guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution: freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petitioning the government" are tied to "institutions and innovation in government, civic, business, social, scientific and religious settings." Shiell was a "whistleblower" that called on the Koch-funded free speech organization, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and the National Coalition Against Censorship to stop the UW-Stout from taking down what was widely regarded by students and administrators as racist paintings from a campus building. In a 1998 book called "Campus Hate Speech On Trial," Shiell lamented that "despite commitments to free speech and the open exchange of ideas, American colleges and universities had increasingly ignored such principles by implementing numerous hate speech codes designed to protect students from racial, sexual, and other forms of harassment."
These come just from stories found on /KochWatch, considering how much money they spend on colleges, endowments they have provided, institutes they have set up on campuses how many more are there?
Through Donors Capital Fund the Kochs fund Daniel Pipes Islamophobic 'think tank' Middle East Forum.
The Kochs, along with the Mercers and DeVos, fund the college student outreach group Young America's Foundation that funded those lecture tours that caused so much commotion featuring Murray, David Horowitz, Ann Coulter, Ted Nugent, Milo Yiannopoulos. Other speakers it has sponsored have included Robert Spencer, and Ben Shapiro (1, 2)
And simultaneous to this they are funding the creation of Campus Free Speech laws - the Goldwater Institute and the Ethics and Public Policy Center 'Campus Free Speech Act' and ALECs FORUM Act - to protect their speakers, silence dissent, and force in more extremists.
Current YAF president Ron Robinson and board member James B. Taylor were two of the three board members of a now-inactive political action committee called America’s PAC (its third Michael Boos is a GMU grad), which donated to the white nationalist Martel Society and consistently contributed to the campaigns of Iowa Republican Rep. Steve King, who is also Koch linked and well known for his racism. Taylor is also former president of the National Policy Institute, which is now run by White Supremacist and altright 'leader' Richard Spencer.
ALEC have also hosted Horowitz. While some donors backed out of involvement with ALEC after that the Kochs double down on their support. Not surprising then that his 'Freedom Center' has received $127,600 from DonorsTrust.
Incidentally Trumps immigration advisor Stephen Miller was a YAF alumni, formed a chapter of Horowitzs Students for Academic Freedom that targeted professors for expressing their views - and a college friend of... Richard Spencer. They raised money together to host a lecture by Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE.
A new organisation employing many Koch alumni is Speech First, its funding is not yet known but the millions it spends far outstrip what its student membership fee raises and the claims it makes are in line with many here. Its mission is to oppose College regulations protecting students from racial and sexual harassment - sharing the same intentions as Shiells center, the Free Speech Laws they are producing, and other parts of the Koch network aiming to protect Hate Speech and discrimination. But of course its representatives insist it has no connection.
Dave Rubin now has a "partnership" with Learn Library, which was established by the Institute for Humane Studies mentioned earlier.
Charlie Kirks TPUSA is another college student outreach group they fund - note: the author identifies two of its financiers as Koch funded but missed that Reason Foundation and Foundation for Individual Rights in Education are also Koch funded, remember that Charles in fact founded Reason Foundation, meaning that four of its sources of funds are funded by the Kochs. Also note that one of the groups contributing to TPUSA that the Kochs fund is the Gary North-linked The Foundation for Economic Education.
It has issues with illegal political activity for election campaigns and racial bias, its agenda can be summed up as: Once in control of student governments, the brochure says, Turning Point expects its allied campus leaders to follow a set political agenda. Among its planks are the defunding of progressive organizations on campus, the implementation of "free speech" policies eliminating barriers to hate speech, and the blocking of all campus "boycott, divestment and sanctions" movements. Turning Point’s agenda also calls for the student leaders it empowers to use student resources to host speakers and forums promoting "American Exceptionalism and Free Market ideals on campus." Bringing it into line with the Speech First, Shiells center, the Kochs Campus Free Speech law push, and overall agenda of infusing college students with their beliefs about the market and denying racism in conservative policies and rhetoric.
Other activities have included injecting Dark Money into student government elections, growing links to the altright, and inviting an Identity Evropa white nationalist to speak at a college. A new spinoff Turning Point Action appears to already be violating IRS regulations before it has even begun.
Senior leadership have expressed Nazi sympathy, Hitler apologetics, white supremacism+held dual membership with Identity Evropa/American Identity Movement, and worked on campaigns with Roger Stone. And finally, Marshall DeRosa is the sponsor of the Florida Atlantic University TPUSA chapter.
Rebel Media was founded by Ezra Levant – formerly he worked at the Koch funded Fraser Institute their primary think tank in Canada and did his internship at the Charles G. Koch Foundation. It has received funding from the Middle East Forum, which the Kochs fund. And has produced anti-Muslim attack ads with them featuring far-right personalities.
Rebel Media has been a regular platform for Jordan Peterson who they have raised money for, Lauren Southern, Gavin McInnes, and Faith Goldy - who favourably cite Richard Spencer.
Jordan Peterson also often recommends Koch linked groups like IHS, cites the Cato Institute sponsored HumanProgress, addresses the Koch funded Manhattan Institute and Heritage Foundation, pals around with Dave Rubin, and appears at TPUSA events with Kirk, Shapiro and other Koch linked speakers.
A recent TPUSA event hosted Peterson and Sebastian Gorka.
Tucker Carlson was a fellow at the Koch-founded Cato Institute until 2015. Among a number of online outlets, the Charles G. Koch Foundation - where Ezra Levant did his internship - and other Koch foundations have contributed significantly to Carlsons Daily Caller. The Daily Caller has reported very favourably on the Charlottesville altright march, its journalist Jason Kessler addressed the marchers 'in which he praised fascist and racist organizations, thanked a prominent Holocaust denier, and declared the beginnings of a cultural “civil war.” Kessler has many links to the far right and white nationalists. But he is not the only one there: Peter Brimelow the founder of VDARE - which reviewed Garret Jones favourably - has also contributed, several contributors have also written for it, several associate with Richard Spencer who remember took over from James B. Taylor at the National Policy Institute & was a college friend of Stephen Miller. Questions have also been raised about its 501(c)3 charitable registration. Without a doubt its content and staff are far more upfront and provocative than any other group or person yet listed here. Evan an ex-White Nationalist has said Carlson does coded messaging better than White Nationalists.
And for additional evidence, the high school carriculum they donate when schools run short of funding (because of Koch backed efforts to cut taxes that fund them): 1, 2, 3.
--- Analysis (where I struggle the most) ---
As the Garret Jones link demonstrates Stefan Molyneux maintains connections to Jones, the von Mises Institute founded by their former associate Rothbard, Murray who is Koch funded, the League of the South which was founded by CLS and Mises associates and which DeRosa is associated with, and others in the emerging altright, which are all Koch linked either through direct funding or associating with those they fund. Mises itself despite ostensibly not receiving Koch money has many alumni and faculty who do receive Koch money or are involved with apparatus of the Koch network. Richard Spencer has similar repeated connections being cited by Rebel Media and The Daily Caller pundits and he runs a group formerly run by YAF board members.
The conventional libertarian economists and think tanks the Kochs support are combined with the more radical academics that provide an 'intellectual' underpinning to "racial realism"; through the manipulation of 'grievance politics' appealing to disaffected youth and a working class left behind by neoliberalism - the mantra of liberal take over of college campuses, society being under threat from the SJWs and political correctness, that there is no racism in America and that lack of prosperity is due to ones own lack of trying hard enough (or perhaps genetic inferiority) and affirmative action is discrimination, Feminazis are wrong, illegal immigrants are taking jobs, Islam is at war with the West, etc - pushed by the likes of Shapiro, Rubin, Peterson, Kirk, outlets like Rebel Media, Daily Caller, etc all provide simple emotionally appealing explanations that cite the academics and institutes for what the supposed real cause of their problems are; and the fellow travellers like Molyneux, Spencer, Mises Institute, and VDARE provide an additional extreme admixture to push things further.
All advancing into the mainstream extreme views and directing the adherents to support campaigns and politicians the Kochs back.
Partly this is motivated by self interest as they are aligning this radicalised base with support for the Kochs policy agenda that few would adopt if stated openly: lowering taxes for the wealthy, industrial and financial and environmental deregulation, privatisation and rollback of public services.
But more than anything the Kochs are no mere classical liberals or libertarians concerned with government overreach. Instead while we have no direct quotes we can nevertheless surmise from their repeated pattern of associations and funding that the Kochs seek to create a 'let the chips fall where they may' institutionally-biased racism and even a segregated society concealed within economic jargon. Just like Buchanans "locks and bolts."
And it should also point to a confluence of these academics and media personalities pushing a demographic to an increasingly extreme position that welcomes conflict.
As one of their pet academics once said at an early CLS conference:
In support of building their own youth movement, another speaker, the libertarian historian Leonard Liggio, cited the success of the Nazi model. In his paper titled "National Socialist Political Strategy: Social Change in a Modern Industrial Society with an Authoritarian Tradition," Liggio, who was affiliated with the Koch-funded Institute for Humane Studies (IHS) from 1974 to 1998, described the Nazis' successful creation of a youth movement a key to their capture of the state. Like the Nazis, he suggested, libertarians should organise university students to create group identity.
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2018.04.19 20:09 barb4ry1 Bingo review: Dread Nation by Justin Ireland

Dread Nation by Justine Ireland Bingo squares: Alternate history, LGBT, Published in 2018, reviewed on fantasy, Fewer than 2500 ratings. My rating: 7.5/10
The day I came squealing and squalling into the world was the first time someone tried to kill me. I guess it should have been obvious to everyone right then that I wasn’t going to have a normal life.
It was the midwife that tried to do me in. Truth be told, it wasn’t really her fault. What else is a good Christian woman going to do when a Negro comes flying out from between the legs of the richest white woman in Haller County, Kentucky?
The Civil War is over. The dead rose at Gettysburg—and then started rising everywhere else. The undead, called shamblers, stalk the roads. One bite is enough to transform anyone into a mindless zombie. Someone has to take care of the situation. Privileged white class leaves this task to black people and Native Americans taken from their homes and forced into combat training schools at a young age. Jane McKeene, a black teen, born to a white mother, is nearly finished with her training in Miss Preston’s School of Combat for Negro Girls.
Things go off the rails when her (sometimes) beau, Red Jack, asks for help locating his sister Lily. Their attempts to discover Lily’s whereabouts lead to a conflict with a corrupt mayor. Friends are sent to Summerland - a survivalist colony ruled by a vicious and psychopathic family (Pastor and Sheriff). Things turn out to be even more sinister, and the more secrets are revealed, the more Jane wants to escape.
Vital historical moments were altered to tell an engaging story that doesn't shy away from social commentary. Yes, there are zombies, but they're not the primary focus of the story. Their presence creates a sense of dread and danger and allows to explore themes such as racism and bigotry during this era in American history. Some of these issues remain relevant today. Even in a world harrassed by flesh-eating zombies, society remains divided. Social norms and prejudice influence people's lives in all the wrong ways.
Characterization is uneven. Jane and Kate are done well. Jane is smart but also rash in her decisions, and she spends half her time trying to extricate herself from situations of her own making. The story is told from her perspective, and that's why it's so engaging. Jane has a strong narrative presence.
Katherine is classy and in the beginning, she may seem a bit vain, but there's much more to her, and I'd love to see some of the scenes through her eyes. Girls grow close together, and their developing friendship and mutual appreciation are believable and in character. Red Jack is a classic beau, charming and charismatic, but also devoid of personality. Happily enough, romance doesn't play an important role in the book and is, practically, non-existent. Red Jack appears few times and is barely sketched.
Villains, though, are a different matter entirely. I'm sorry to say, but they feel flat and one-dimensional. The sheriff is mean, but not smart enough to run the town of his own. His father is a priest and pulls all the strings. He's a lunatic who firmly believes that Negroes are put on earth to fight shamblers at the white man's behest. He's ready to kill and hurt in the name of God. Sheriff's boys are cowards and bully's. They do what they do, remain mean and petty and, sadly, there's nothing more to them.
World-building was done, mostly, well. There's very little info-dumping, and we learn as much as we need to follow the story. Some readers will expect to get more information about the world, but I'm not one of them. I like this kind of storytelling that shows only parts of the world relevant to the story.
So, Dread Nation was an enjoyable book. It's not perfect. Some flaws can be easily spotted. On the other hand, I want more Jane McKeene in my life. This adolescent scythe-wielding zombie killer with a foul mouth won my heart.
TL;DR - Alternate history told through POV of an adolescent scythe-wielding negro (racial issues are important part of the book, hence the use of the term) zombie killer with a foul mouth.
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2017.12.14 06:00 CLEBot [Wahoo History Wednesday] Moses Fleetwood Walker

Welcome to Wahoo History Wednesday!!

Each Wednesday during the 2017-2018 offseason we will present a story from Tribe history.

Moses Fleetwood Walker

By u/khaleesi_sarahae
Moses Fleeeeetttwwooodd Walker! pronounced with an old timey drawl
This brilliant catcher just before the turn of the 20th century was a pioneer in the early days of baseball.
Early Life
Moses Fleetwood Walker was born on October 7th , 1856 in Mount Pleasant, Ohio to Moses W Walker and Caroline O' Harra. He was the third of five or six children.
During his childhood, the Civil War was tearing the country apart. To keep themselves in good spirits soldiers from New York taught others in their platoons this new game called Baseball. Soon the game was a common sight in camps everywhere and as the war spread, so did baseball.
In 1860 the Walker family moved to Steubenville, and his little brother Weldy was born. There, like in many other towns in the 1880’s and 70’s, many of the youth played baseball. It was there that Moses would be introduced to the sport that changed his life.
College Career
In 1877, Walker enrolled in Oberlin College, one of the first integrated colleges in the country and majored in philosophy and the arts. He joined their team and soon established himself as the teams catcher and leadoff hitter. His first year at Oberlin he excelled both on and off the field, proving himself to be an excellent student, especially in mechanics and rhetoric. Then as his proficiency on the field increased his grades suffered. Possibly because his father (a methodist minister) got transferred to another church so the rest of the family moved away or because he got distracted by romance. He met both of his future wives there.
In 1881 Oberlin fielded its first varsity intercollegiate team, it had previously been limited to interclass play. The team included Fleet, his batterymate for the previous two years Harlan Burket, and his younger brother Weldy Walker. The last game of the season Oberlin faced Michigan in a 9-2 victory. The Walker brothers performance at that game, along with that of pitcher Arthur Packard, impressed the coach of Michigan so much that he invited them to transfer to Michigan. After that school year they did, along with Walkers pregnant girlfriend, 18 year old Arabella Taylor. He also often played ball during the summer for local companies.
He was being paid by the White Sewing Machine Company of Cleveland to catch for its semipro team during the summer of 1881. The club journeyed to Louisville, Kentucky, for an August 21 game against the Eclipse nine. The locals were a crack club that would enter the American Association as a charter member the following year. Seven members of the Eclipse club played in the major leagues in 1882, five with Louisville. The Eclipse players initiated Walker into the hard realities of prejudice and bigotry that would become integral to the game, in part because of Fleet Walker’s own actions. The Louisville Courier-Journal reported the following day that “players of the Eclipse Club objected to Walker playing on account of his color.” The Clevelands responded by holding Walker out of the starting lineup. Already greatly weakened by the loss of their starting catcher, the visitors suffered a double whammy when Walker’s replacement injured his hand in the first inning and refused to come out for the second. At this juncture and with the apparent support of the spectators, Fleet took to the field and prepared to enter the game. The local newspaper went onto say that during his warm-up, “He made several brilliant throws and fine catches while the game waited.” But some Eclipse players still objected to Walker’s playing and two, Johnnie Reccius and Fritz Pfeffer, left the field and went to the clubhouse in protest. In the end, “The objection of the Eclipse players, however, was too much and Walker was compelled to retire. …” Finally, the Cleveland third baseman volunteered to go behind the plate and Louisville went on to beat the Whites, 6-3.
-SABR
In 1882, the Michigan baseball team had a very successful season, winning 10 of 13 games, with Walker strengthening one of the teams weakest positions. That July, he married Arabella, but left her soon after to play baseball in New Castle, Pennsylvania.
He returned to Michigan that Fall to resume his studies. Then in the Spring of 1883, he decided he was done with school and signed with the minor league team, the Toledo Blue Stockings of the Northwestern League in 1883.
In the Majors
The Blue Stockings had a good season in 1883, with Walker playing in 60 of Toledo’s 84 championship games and appeared in a majority of pre- and postseason exhibitions as well.
In the beginning of the 1884 season, a burgeoning professional baseball league, the American Association (which would later become the modern-day American League) formed. Its mission was to compete with the dominant baseball league of this team, the National League.
One of the American Association's first moves was to add the Toledo Blue Stockings to its list of participating franchises.
This meant that on opening day of the 1884 season, the starting catcher of the Toledo Blue Stockings would become the first African-American player to play a professional baseball game.
On May 1, 1884, against the Louisville Eclipse, Moses Fleetwood Walker took the field, and in doing so, officially broke the color barrier of Major League Baseball.
Ironically enough, Walker would go on to have the worst game of his career on the day he integrated baseball, going hitless in four at-bats and committing four errors.
-Bleacher Report
Even within his own team he faced challenges.
The club's ace pitcher, George Mullane, once remarked that Walker "was the best catcher I ever worked with, but I disliked a Negro and whenever I had to pitch to him I used to pitch anything I wanted without looking at his signals."
He was met with racism almost everywhere he went.
In September of 1884, Toledo manager, Charlie Morton, received a letter before an Oct. 13-15 series at Richmond. "We the undersigned do hereby warn you not to put up Walker, the Negro catcher, the evenings that you play in Richmond, as we could mention the names of 75 determined men who have sworn to mob Walker if he comes on the ground in a suit," the letter said. "We hope you will listen to our words of warning, so that there will be no trouble; but if you do not there certainly will be. We only write this to prevent much bloodshed, as you alone can prevent."
At this time, most catchers did not wear gloves or padded gear, leading to many injuries. These injuries caught up to him in 1884 and he was let go from the team that September. That meant he didn’t go to Richmond so we will never know if he would actually have been greeted by a lynch mob. After that he continued to play in various leagues, all the while being met by racism.
It all came to a head when in 1887, Walker was playing for a Newark team in the International League, along with the great black pitcher George Stovey, when they were scheduled to play the Chicago White Stockings of the National League. The White Stockings were managed by Cap Anson, a famed player, manager and racist. Anson demanded that the two blacks not play, and the Newark team complied. That same day, at an International League owners meeting, the owners voted 6-4 - the four dissenting votes were the four teams with black players - for the exclusion of all future contracts with black players. This set a precedent for all levels of organized baseball. Baseballs color barrier was erected and stayed in place until Jackie Robinson finally broke into the big leagues in 1947 with the Dodgers.
Walker eventually retired from baseball in 1899, he stayed in Syracuse (where he had last played) for a few years working for the postal service.
Life After Baseball
In 1891 Walker received a patent for an exploding artillery shell based off the failed “Justin Gun”, invented by a former Syracuse University professor Dr. Joel Gibert Justin.
In April, 1891, Walker was walking home from a bar when he was accosted by a group of white men. Words were exchanged, Walker drew a knife and a man, Patrick Murray, was killed. "Walker drew a knife and made a stroke at his assailant," Sporting Life wrote. "The knife entered Murray's groin, inflicting a fatal wound. Murray's friends started after Walker with shouts of 'Kill him! Kill him!' He escaped but was captured by the police, and is locked up." Walker was tried for second degree murder. A number of his friends testified on his behalf, saying that he wasn't drunk, but rather dizzied from being hit in the head. Walker claimed self defense. -Big 10
Walker was charged with second-degree murder and the resulting trial riveted Syracuse. During the sensational trial, which received reams of coverage in the local press, several conflicting versions of the incident emerged. Walker, by all accounts, handled himself with poise and grace in the courtroom, and the constant presence of his wife and three children bolstered his image as a dignified family man. He was acquitted by an all-white jury, a verdict that sparked ecstatic pandemonium in the courtroom. One of the local papers described the atmosphere as being akin to the "hilarity and din of a base-ball field." -milb
After the trial he returned to Steubenville to work for the postal service again. In 1895, tragedy struck again when his wife, Arabella, died at the age of 32 from Cancer. He remarried three years later to another former Oberlin student, Ednah Mason. The same year, Walker was found guilty of mail robbery and was sentenced to one year in prison.
After his release, Walker moved back to Oberlin and reunited with his brother, Weldy. Together they opened Union Hotel in Steubenville with Weldy, and managed the Opera House, a movie theater in nearby Cadiz. During this time he patented a film end fastener and an alarm for motion-picture-film reels
The brothers also explored the ideas of black nationalism while editing the Equator in 1902. Then in 1908, Walker authored a 48-page book entitled Our Home Colony: The Past, Present, and Future of the Negro Race in America, which called for American blacks to relocate to Africa.
Walker died on May 11, 1924 of pneumonia at the age of 67.
Thanks for reading and stay tuned every Wednesday for more tales from Tribe history
If you know of any weird, wacky or interesting stories from Tribe history that you would like to share please message me or comment on this. We are looking for both story ideas and people to contribute to this series.
Sources: The amazing articles already mentioned and and Wikipedia, The Toledo City Paper, and Fleet Walker’s Divided Heart
Sorry this was posted later than usual, it's been a bit of a busy week.
Edit: a bit of formatting
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